Vision-threatening diabetic retinopathy necessitating vitrectomy in a tertiary care hospital in coastal Karnataka, South India

Reddy, Narasimha Vasista and Kamath, Yogish Subraya and Rao, Lavanya G and Rao, Krishna Addoor and Shenoy, Shailaja B and Bhandary, Sulatha V (2020) Vision-threatening diabetic retinopathy necessitating vitrectomy in a tertiary care hospital in coastal Karnataka, South India. Asian Journal of Ophthalmology, 17. pp. 101-107. ISSN 1560-2133

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Abstract

Background: The proportion of diabetic patients having vision-threatening diabetic retinopathy and those needing to undergo vitrectomy was documented. Methods: A cross-sectional observational study was conducted at a tertiary care hospital in coastal Karnataka, South India. All patients with diabetes mellitus visiting the ophthalmology department in the study period were screened for retinopathy, and the data regarding the presence of maculopathy and proliferative retinopathy were included as vision-threatening retinopathy. Results: Of the 1,435 diabetic patients included, 38.4% had retinopathy changes due to diabetes, with 8.71% having vision-threatening retinopathy and 1.81% needing vitrectomy. Conclusion: Although the proportion of vision-threatening retinopathy is small, the rapidly increasing diabetic population requires the setting up of more resources for tackling this condition, at least at the tertiary levels of the health-care system. However, considering the increased human and economic resources involved in setting up vitrec�tomy units, more emphasis on strengthening screening programs for early detection and referral to reduce the progression of retinopathy to advanced stages would be appropriate.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Diabetic retinopathy; India, proliferative; tertiary care centers; vitrectomy; vitreoretinopathy.
Subjects: Medicine > KMC Manipal > Ophthalmology
Depositing User: KMC Library
Date Deposited: 26 Jun 2020 09:23
Last Modified: 26 Jun 2020 09:23
URI: http://eprints.manipal.edu/id/eprint/155295

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