Evaluation of Sugar Content and Erosive Potential of the Commonly Prescribed Liquid Oral Medications

Siddiq, Hanan and Chakravarthy, Kalyana Pentapati and Shenoy, Revathi P and Velayutham, Anupama and Acharya, Shashidhar (2020) Evaluation of Sugar Content and Erosive Potential of the Commonly Prescribed Liquid Oral Medications. Pesquisa Brasileira em Odontopediatria e Clinica Integrada, 20. pp. 1-10. ISSN 1519-0501

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Objective: To assess the total sugar content, endogenous pH, total soluble solids content (TSSC) and titratable acidity of the commonly prescribed long-term and short-term liquid oral medicines (LOM) for children and to compare the erosive potential with the total sugar content and total soluble solids of the LOM. Material and Methods: Twenty- three most commonly prescribed pediatric LOM were evaluated invitro for the cariogenic and erosive potential. Manufacturers' information on labels, endogenous pH,titratable acidity, TSSC, and the total sugar content was determined. Descriptive statistics and the Mann-Whitney U test were applied. Results: Overall, 22 LOM contained sugar. Only 3 LOM revealed the sugar content of the formulation but did not disclose the quantity (Cheston, Ventorlin and Eptoin). None of the samples revealed the sugar content as well as endogenous pH in their labels. The overall mean total sugar content was 6.92 ± 3.49 g/100ml, ranging from 3.40 ± 0.00 (corticosteroids) to 9.67 ± 0.61 (antitussive/expectorant). The mean endogenous pH for the total sample of medicines was 5.91 ± 1.51 (range of 3.5 to 10.3). Eptoin (0.013%) presented the lowest titratable acidity and Imol (1.171%) presented the highest titratable acidity with an overall mean of 0.40 ± 0.73. Omnacortil and Epilex presented the highest TSS content (19.3%), and Ventorlin presented the lowest TSS content (18.7%) with an overall mean of 18.97 ± 0.19. Over twelve medicines were identified to have the potential to cause dental erosion. No significant differences were seen in the total sugar content, total soluble solids, titratable acidity, and the endogenous pH between the short-term and long-term LOMs (p=0.145, p=0.263, p=0.067 and p=0.107),respectively. Conclusion: The pediatric LOMs showed the presence of the sugar, low endogenous pH, high titratable acidity and high total soluble solids

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Child; Dental Caries; Tooth Erosion; Sucrose
Subjects: Medicine > KMC Manipal > Biochemistry
Dentistry > MCODS Manipal > Preventive and Community Dentistry
Depositing User: KMC Library
Date Deposited: 26 Jun 2020 08:57
Last Modified: 26 Jun 2020 08:57
URI: http://eprints.manipal.edu/id/eprint/155302

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