Influence of fabric orientation and compression factor on the mechanical properties of 3D E-glass reinforced epoxy composites

Nayak, Suhas Y and Shenoy, Satish B and Sultan, Mohamed Thariq Hameed and Kini, Chandrakant R and Shenoy, Rajath K and Samanth, Rashmi and Sarvade, Praneeth P and Basri, Adi Azriff and Mustapha, Faizal (2020) Influence of fabric orientation and compression factor on the mechanical properties of 3D E-glass reinforced epoxy composites. Journal of Materials Research and Technology, 9 (20). pp. 8517-8527. ISSN 2238-7854

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3-D E-glass fabric reinforced epoxy composites at 6mm thickness were fabricated for various orientations of the binder yarn viz. 0◦, 30◦, 45◦, 60◦ and 90◦ respectively. Tensile, flexural, interlaminar shear stress tests were conducted to ascertain the influence of binder yarn orientation on the mechanical properties of the composites. The composites with 0◦ binder yarn orientation showed the best strength followed by 90◦ whilst the others showed highly depleted traits in comparison. Shear stress induced at the interface of each lamina was seen as the major reason for drop in the strength. A secondary study was carried out to explore the effect of compression factor during fabrication on the mechanical properties of the composites. Laminates with varying thickness namely, 4mm, 5mm and 7mm but, with same number of plies of 3D E-glass fabric at 0◦ orientation were fabricated. The test results were compared with the results of 6mm composites from the primary study. The results showed that, compression factor affected the mechanical properties of the composites and had a direct relation with increasing compression factor up to a certain value beyond which a drop in properties was seen. Composites pressed to a thickness of 5mm showed the best properties. Drop in properties was attributed to close packing of reinforcement and crushing of fibres leading to inefficient stress transfer. Scanning electron microscopy was employed to understand the modes of failure. The major failure modes observed were delamination, matrix cracking and debonding. Based on the results obtained, these composites can be seen as a material system for applications like ballistic armours, structural renovations and automobile components

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: 3D E-glass fabric Fabric orientation Hand lay-up Compression moulding Compression factor Mechanical properties
Subjects: Engineering > MIT Manipal > Aeronautical and Automobile
Engineering > MIT Manipal > Mechanical and Manufacturing
Depositing User: MIT Library
Date Deposited: 27 Jul 2020 06:16
Last Modified: 27 Jul 2020 06:16

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