Core Capacities for Public Health Emergencies of International Concern at Ground Crossings: A Case Study from North India

Singh, Rahuldeep and Kumar, Sumit and Hossain, Shaikh Shah (2020) Core Capacities for Public Health Emergencies of International Concern at Ground Crossings: A Case Study from North India. Disaster Medicine and Public Health Preparedness, 14 (2). pp. 214-221. ISSN 1935-7893

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Abstract

Objective: International airports, ports, and ground crossings are required to have health units for undertaking public health measures during routine times and specific measures during the time of public health emergency of international concern (PHEIC). This study was conducted at a ground crossing of North India to assess the implementation status of International Health Regulations (IHR) (2005)at a ground crossing in the prevention and control of public health emergencies and to assess the risk of imported infections from a ground crossing.Methods: A qualitative study was conducted at the selected point of entry. The World Health Organization (WHO) core capacity assessment tool and in-depth interviews were used for data collection in the form of meetings and visits to isolation sites, and general observations were conducted regarding facilities on routine and other infrastructure and equipment that can be used during emergencies. Respondents were recruited using purposive methods.Results: The findings reveal that there is lack of awareness among the travelers, which increases the risks of spreading diseases. The overall implementation status at the ground crossing according to the assessment conducted using WHO Tool was 76%. It showed the need for further strengthening of the implementation at the site. Gaps were identified regarding the local capacity for handling chemical, radiological and nuclear hazards, and shortage of regular staff through stakeholders.Conclusion: The findings from this study, as well as the suggestions and recommendations given by stakeholders,should help revise the current strategies of action. Hence, the gaps identified should be fulfilled to better respond to PHEIC at the ground crossings

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Border health measures; Ground crossings; IHR; Point of entry; Public health emergencies
Subjects: Departments at MU > Public Health
Depositing User: KMC Library
Date Deposited: 14 Oct 2020 04:23
Last Modified: 14 Oct 2020 04:23
URI: http://eprints.manipal.edu/id/eprint/155820

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