Comparison of Extraction Socket Healing in Non-Diabetic, Prediabetic, and Type 2 Diabetic Patients

Gadicherla, Srikanth and Smriti, Komal and Roy, Sreea and Chakravarthy, Kalyana P and Rajan, Jyotsna and Walia, Apoorva (2020) Comparison of Extraction Socket Healing in Non-Diabetic, Prediabetic, and Type 2 Diabetic Patients. Clinical, Cosmetic and Investigational Dentistry, 12. pp. 291-296. ISSN 1179-1357

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Abstract

Objective: To compare the healing of extraction socket among non-diabetic, prediabetic, and diabetic patients.Materials and Methods: A single-center prospective observational study was conducted.Glycated hemoglobin and random blood glucose were recorded for all the participants before the procedure. A trained and calibrated examiner evaluated the socket size on postoperative days 0 and 7. Postoperative pain (PoP), discharge, swelling, infection, erythema, dry socket, and the number of analgesics were also recorded.Results: A total of 100 participants completed this study with a mean age of 54.7±12.11.There was no significant difference in the mean socket size among the three study groups on day 0 (P=0.101). However, there was a significant difference in the mean socket size on day 7 among the three groups. A post hoc test showed that the diabetic group had a larger socket size than the non-diabetic group (P=0.011). Complications like swelling and infection were more in the diabetic group. There was no significant difference in the mean number of analgesics among the three groups (P=0.169). The adjusted means for the socket size on postoperative day 7 was significantly higher for diabetic than the non-diabetic group.Conclusion: The socket dimension was larger on postoperative day 7 in people with diabetes which suggested delayed healing without persistent complications. Dental extractions can be performed safely in optimally controlled diabetic patients with minimal complications

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Diabetes; Delayed; Extraction; Healing, outcomes
Subjects: Dentistry > MCODS Manipal > Preventive and Community Dentistry
Dentistry > MCODS Manipal > Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
Dentistry > MCODS Manipal > Oral Medicine and Radiology
Depositing User: KMC Library
Date Deposited: 15 Oct 2020 04:08
Last Modified: 15 Oct 2020 04:08
URI: http://eprints.manipal.edu/id/eprint/155848

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