Influencing variables for fetal growth in malnourished mothers: A nested case-control study

*, Neha and Rao, Suchetha and Baliga, Shantharama B and Mithra, Prasanna P and Manjrekar, Poornima and Kamath, Nutan (2020) Influencing variables for fetal growth in malnourished mothers: A nested case-control study. Clinical Epidemiology and Global Health, 8 (2). pp. 581-585. ISSN 2213-3984

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Abstract

Objective: Maternal malnutrition, inadequate weight gain in pregnancy, and maternal anemia are the modifiable variables commonly implicated for intrauterine growth retardation in the community. We aimed to evaluate the frequency of growth retardation and iron deficiency among babies born to malnourished mothers and its association with maternal anthropometry, hemoglobin, and ferritin. Methods: A nested case-control study was carried out as analysis of subset data with subjects enrolled for a randomized controlled trial(CTRI Trial no.2018/04/013096)in government facilities of Kasturba Medical College, Mangalore, affiliated to Manipal Academy of Higher Education from May to August 2018. Eighty-eight newborns born to malnourished primigravidae by vaginal delivery were included. Neonatal anthropometry and cord blood ferritin along with maternal hemoglobin and ferritin was measured. The maternal pre-pregnancy body mass index (BMI) and weight gain in pregnancy were calculated using documented pre-pregnancy weight, height, and present weight. Results: The average birth weight was 2.6 kg. (95% CI, SD = 0.5). Fifty-eight percent of babies were appropriate for gestational age(AGA). The number of AGA babies born to mothers who had weight gain 7 kg, and above was significantly higher.[Correlation:0.41,p = 0.0001]. Nine babies had depleted iron stores, three babies being small for gestational age(SGA). (RR:0.77,95% CI = 0.29–2.05,p = 0.72). Thirty-four percent mothers were anemic who had higher chance of having SGA babies.[RR = 1.47,95% CI 0.91–2.38,p = 0.12].Thirteen mothers had low ferritin levels and 5 of them had SGA babies[RR = 1.51,95% CI = 0.68–3.4,p = 0.33]. Fifty mothers had pre-pregnancy BMI < 18.5, out of which 19 had SGA babies. [RR:0.80,95% CI = 0.49–1.31,p = 0.38]. Conclusion: Adequate weight gain in pregnancy can help achieve desired fetal growth in malnourished and anemic mothers

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Anemia Body mass index Ferritin Low birth weight Maternal malnutrition
Subjects: Medicine > KMC Mangalore > Paediatrics
Medicine > KMC Mangalore > Biochemistry
Medicine > KMC Mangalore > Community Medicine
Depositing User: Admin KMCMLR
Date Deposited: 08 Dec 2020 06:51
Last Modified: 08 Dec 2020 06:51
URI: http://eprints.manipal.edu/id/eprint/156072

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