Effectiveness of Audio-visual and Print Media Intervention on Knowledge of Cervical Health among Rural Women in Southern India

Takkella, Nagamma and Ashok, Lena and Konuri, Anjaneyulu and Chandrasekaran, Varalakshmi (2020) Effectiveness of Audio-visual and Print Media Intervention on Knowledge of Cervical Health among Rural Women in Southern India. Nigerian Postgraduate Medical Journal, 27 (4). pp. 343-347. ISSN 1117-1936

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Abstract

Background: Cervical cancer health education programmes are not accessible to rural women in developing countries. Objective: Our study aimed at assessing the health literacy about cervical cancer amongst the rural women in Udupi district, southern India, before and following intervention using audio‑visual aid/face‑to‑face interactive sessions versus pamphlets alone. Methods: This was a quasi‑experimental study.A total of 166 women participated in the study. Participant groups were allocated into two interventional (Experimental/Control) groups.Participants in the experimental group received education through the video followed by face‑to‑face interaction with a health educator while those in the control group received a pamphlet. A validated questionnaire was used to assess knowledge about numerous risk factors, Pap smear test and treatment of cervical cancer (pre‑ and post‑intervention test). The findings are presented as frequencies and percentages. Paired responses were compared for individual questions using McNemar test and P < 0.05 was fixed as statistically significant. Results: Former to the intervention, 13.5% and 19.1% in the experimental and control groups, respectively, felt that personal hygiene was important to prevent cervical cancer. Both the groups had very limited knowledge regarding risk factors (93.6%; 94%), symptoms (96.3%; 97.6%) and knowledge that Pap smears can reduce the risk of cervical cancer (91.7%; 93.9%). The change in knowledge pre‑and post‑intervention in both groups increased significantly. Conclusion: Intervention with face‑to‑face interactive sessions showed a positive impact on knowledge regarding cervical cancer. These findings indicate both methods can be effective in providing health education in the community

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Audio‑visual; Cervical cancer; Rural women; Human papillomavirus; Pap smear
Subjects: Medicine > KMC Manipal > Anatomy
Medicine > KMC Manipal > Community Medicine
Departments at MU > Public Health
Medicine > MMMC Manipal > Biochemistry
Depositing User: KMC Library
Date Deposited: 27 Jan 2021 12:02
Last Modified: 27 Jan 2021 12:02
URI: http://eprints.manipal.edu/id/eprint/156294

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