High-fat diet leads to elevated lipid accumulation and endoplasmic reticulum stress in oocytes, causing poor embryo development

Rao, Arpitha and Satheesh, Aparna and Nayak, Guruprasad and Poojary, Pooja Suresh and Kumari, Sandhya and Kalthur, Sneha Guruprasad and Mutalik, Srinivas and Adiga, Satish Kumar and Kalthur, Guruprasad (2020) High-fat diet leads to elevated lipid accumulation and endoplasmic reticulum stress in oocytes, causing poor embryo development. Reproduction, Fertility and Development, 32. pp. 1169-1179. ISSN 1031-3613

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Abstract

The present study was designed to investigate the effect of diet-induced obesity on endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress in oocytes. Swiss albino mice (3 weeks old) were fed with a high-fat diet (HFD) for 8 weeks. Oocytes were assessed for lipid droplet accumulation, oxidative stress, ER stress and their developmental potential in vitro. High lipid accumulation (P,0.01) and elevated intracellular levels of reactive oxygen species were observed in both germinal vesicle and MII oocytes of HFD-fed mice (P,0.05 and P,0.01 respectively compared with control). Further, expression of the ER stress markers X-box binding protein 1 (XBP1), glucose-regulated protein 78 (GRP78), activating transcription factor 4 (ATF4) and activating transcription factor 6 (ATF6) was significantly (P,0.001) higher in oocytes of the HFD than control group. Oocytes from HFD-fed mice exhibited poor fertilisation and blastocyst rates, a decrease in total cell number and high levels of DNA damage (P,0.01) compared with controls. In conclusion, dietinduced obesity resulted in elevated lipid levels and higher oxidative and ER stress in oocytes, which contributed to the compromised developmental potential of embryos.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Reproduction.
Subjects: Medicine > KMC Manipal > Anatomy
Medicine > KMC Manipal > Obstetrics & Gynaecology
Pharmacy > MCOPS Manipal > Pharmaceutics
Depositing User: KMC Library
Date Deposited: 27 Jan 2021 11:59
Last Modified: 27 Jan 2021 11:59
URI: http://eprints.manipal.edu/id/eprint/156349

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