Implementation and assessment of a module to enhance prescribing competency in undergraduate medical students

Nayak, Veena and Adiga, Shalini and Shenoy, Smita and Holla, Sadhana N (2021) Implementation and assessment of a module to enhance prescribing competency in undergraduate medical students. Medical Journal Armed Forces India, 77 (S-1). S122-S128. ISSN 0377-1237

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Abstract

Background: Enhancing the prescribing competency of medical students will help them evaluate each case based on their knowledge. It will help them prescribe independently and they will also be able to empathize and counsel patients effectively. In view of this, it was planned to implement a module on prescribing competency and assess the same for undergraduate medical students. Methods: Faculty training to implement the module was conducted by eminent faculty in this area. After a pre-test, a workshop was conducted for students, wherein they were trained on rational prescribing based on WHO guide to good prescribing followed by small group discussions to identify P (personal) drugs for bronchial asthma and later with comorbidities. Students had to write a prescription and practice communicating the same to a standardized patient. The module was evaluated using a check list (from the WHO guide) and compared with a pre-test. A feedback was provided to the students at the end of the assessment. Results: The scores (median and interquartile values) for prescribing significantly improved from 5 (2, 7) to 25 (24, 27), maximum score being 30. The scores for the communication also increased from 17.5 (14, 24.25) to 53 (52, 55), maximum score being 60, in the post-test. The differences were statistically significant p < 0.01(Wilcoxon Signed Ranks Test). The students expressed that their critical thinking and problem solving capabilities had increased and more importantly ‘they felt like a doctor’. Conclusion: More such modules need to be prepared and prescribing competency needs reinforcement during the clinical years of the medical curriculum for its effective implementation communicating the same to a standardized patient. The module was evaluated using a check list (from the WHO guide) and compared with a pre-test. A feedback was provided to the students at the end of the assessment.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Prescribing competency; WHO ; Rational drugs ; Medical students.
Subjects: Medicine > KMC Manipal > Pharmacology
Depositing User: KMC Library
Date Deposited: 01 Jun 2021 10:30
Last Modified: 01 Jun 2021 10:30
URI: http://eprints.manipal.edu/id/eprint/156574

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