Culinary spice bioactives as potential therapeutics against SARS-CoV-2: Computational investigation

Salam, Abdul Ajees Abdul (2021) Culinary spice bioactives as potential therapeutics against SARS-CoV-2: Computational investigation. Computers in Biology and Medicine, 128. pp. 1-13. ISSN 0010-4825

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Abstract

Background: Coronavirus disease-2019 (COVID-19) is an infectious pandemic caused by SARS-CoV-2. SARS-CoV2 main protease (Mpro) and spike protein are crucial for viral replication and transmission. Spike protein recognizes the human ACE2 receptor and transmits SARS-CoV-2 into the human body. Thus, Mpro, spike protein, and ACE2 receptor act as appropriate targets for the development of therapeutics against SARS-CoV-2. Spices are traditionally known to have anti- viral and immune-boosting activities. Therefore, we investigated the possible use of selected spice bioactives against the potential targets of SARS-CoV-2 using computational analysis.Methods: Molecular docking analysis was performed to analyze the binding efficiency of spice bioactives against SARS-CoV-2 target proteins along with the standard drugs. Drug-likeness properties of selected spice bioactives were investigated using Lipinski’s rule of five and the SWISSADME database. Pharmacological properties such as ADME/T, biological functions, and toxicity were analyzed using ADMETlab, PASS-prediction, and ProTox-II servers, respectively.Results: Out of forty-six spice bioactives screened, six bioactives have shown relatively better binding energies than the standard drugs and have a higher binding affinity with at least more than two targets of SARS-CoV-2.The selected bioactives were analyzed for their binding similarities with the standard drug, remdesivir, towards the targets of SARS-CoV-2. Selected spice bioactives have shown potential drug-likeness properties, with higher GI absorption rate, lower toxicity with pleiotropic biological roles.Conclusions: Spice bioactives have the potential to bind with the specific targets involved in SARS-CoV-2 infection and transmission. Therefore, spice- based nutraceuticals can be developed for the prevention and treatment of COVID-19

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: COVID-19; Drug-likeness; Molecular docking; Nutraceuticals; SARS-CoV-2; Spices
Subjects: Departments at MU > Atomic Molecular Physics
Depositing User: KMC Library
Date Deposited: 01 Jun 2021 10:30
Last Modified: 01 Jun 2021 10:30
URI: http://eprints.manipal.edu/id/eprint/156584

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