A Comparative Study of Surface Hardness between Two Bioceramic Materials in an Experimental Apexification Model under Wet and Dry Conditions

Mayya, Shreemathi S (2020) A Comparative Study of Surface Hardness between Two Bioceramic Materials in an Experimental Apexification Model under Wet and Dry Conditions. The Open Dentistry Journal, 14. pp. 698-703. ISSN 1874-2106

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Abstract

Background:The placement of a wet cotton pellet against Mineral Trioxide Aggregate (MTA) is often recommended to ensure the completion of its setting reaction.Objective:This study aimed to evaluate the setting behaviour of MTA Angelus and NeoMTA by comparing their hardness after placing them in dry and moist conditions.Methodology:A simulated open apex was created on 40 polyvinyl tubes. The apical 4 mm of the tubes was filled with the two materials, NeoMTA Plus (Avalon Biomed Inc. Bradenton, FL, USA) and MTA Angelus (Angelus, Londrina, PR, Brazil) (n=20 per group). Both groups were subdivided into two subgroups based on the dry and wet conditions (n=10 per group). A wet cotton pellet was placed above the two materials in the wet group, and the coronal segment was sealed using Type II Glass ionomer cement (GC corporation Tokyo, Japan). Gutta-percha was placed against the test materials in the dry group with the coronal segment sealed with amalgam. Samples were placed in an oasis soaked in phosphate-buffered saline for seven days in 100% humidity and at 37°C. Microhardness was measured independently at 4 and 2 mm from the apex. Hardness was compared between materials and conditions, applying analysis of variance (a = .05).Results: The presence of dry or wet conditions had no significant effect on material hardness. MTA Angelus showed significantly higher hardness values compared with NeoMTA Plus.Conclusion:The moisture of the periapical environment can compensate for the absence of a wet cotton pellet and is adequate for the setting of the materials

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Apexification; Microhardness; Mineral trioxide aggregate; Hardness; Analysis of variance; Wet cotton pellet
Subjects: Departments at MU > Public Health
Depositing User: KMC Library
Date Deposited: 01 Jun 2021 10:28
Last Modified: 01 Jun 2021 10:28
URI: http://eprints.manipal.edu/id/eprint/156618

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