Living environment and health of under-five children in urban slums of a coastal region in South India

Roja, VR and Narayanan, Prakash and Sekaran, Varalakshmi Chandra (2020) Living environment and health of under-five children in urban slums of a coastal region in South India. Ghana Medical Journal, 54 (4). pp. 238-244. ISSN 0855-0328

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Abstract

Objective: The primary objective of the study was to determine the association between the living environment and morbidity, nutritional status, immunization status, and personal hygiene of under-five children living in urban slums in southern India. Methods: This study included 224 mothers of under-five children living in urban slums of Udupi Taluk, Karnataka. A total of 17 urban slums were selected randomly using random cluster sampling. Results: Undernutrition was high among children of illiterate mothers (63.8%), and the children of working mothers were affected by more morbidity (96.6%) as compared with housewives. Morbidity was also found to be high among children belonging to families with low incomes (66.1%) and low socio-economic backgrounds (93.1%). Safe drinking water, water supply, sanitation, hygiene, age of the child, mother’s and father’s education, mother’s occupation and age, number of children in the family, use of mosquito nets, type of household, and family income were significantly associated with child morbidity, nutritional status, immunization status, and personal hygiene of under-five children living in urban slums. Conclusion: Overall, in our study, family characteristics including parental education, occupation and income were significantly associated with outcomes among under-five children. The availability of safe drinking water and sanitation, and the use of mosquito nets to prevent vector-borne diseases are basic needs that need to be urgently met to improve child health.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: : Child morbidity; under-five children; hygiene; slums; India Funding: Self-funded
Subjects: Medicine > KMC Manipal > Community Medicine
Departments at MU > Public Health
Depositing User: KMC Library
Date Deposited: 01 Jun 2021 10:27
Last Modified: 01 Jun 2021 10:27
URI: http://eprints.manipal.edu/id/eprint/156672

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