“I Think I Can Remember” Age‑Related Changes in Self‑Efficacy for Short‑Term Memory

Dsouza, Dasmine Fraclita and Bajaj, Gagan and Mary George, Vinitha and Karuppali, Sudhin and Bhat, Jayashree S. (2021) “I Think I Can Remember” Age‑Related Changes in Self‑Efficacy for Short‑Term Memory. Journal of Natural Science, Biology and Medicine, 12 (1). pp. 97-102. ISSN 0976-9668

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Abstract

Introduction: Changes in metacognitive abilities due to aging, like self‑efficacy, have received less attention in cognitive research. Short‑term memory (STM) declines among aging adults are well known but the age‑related trends of self‑efficacy linked to the same have received less attention. The present research aimed at studying age‑related trends in self‑efficacy linked to STM among the young‑aged, middle‑aged, and old‑aged adults. Materials and Methods: Participants performed face recall, name recall, object recall, face‑name association, first‑second name association, and face‑object association tasks. The self‑efficacy linked to these STM tasks was measured through a pre‑task prediction question and a post‑task judgment question. Descriptive statistics and two‑way mixed model ANOVA with post hoc Bonferroni analysis were performed to assess age related changes in self‑efficacy measures. Results: The findings revealed significant overestimation of performance, during pretask prediction, by old‑aged adults and middle‑aged adults. While the posttask judgment was recalibrated closer to the actual performance by participants of all age groups. Conclusion: The current research findings indicate that self‑efficacy for STM follows an age related decline. Therefore, inclusion of self‑efficacy measures in the assessment of STM would provide a valuable insight as it describes an individual’s own awareness about their STM abilities, provides realistic feedback about one’s STM performance and also aids clinicians in understanding the perception‑performance dynamics among the aging adults.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Aging, prediction, self‑efficacy, short‑term memory
Subjects: Allied Health > Mangalore Campus > Speech and Hearing
Depositing User: KMCMLR User
Date Deposited: 20 Apr 2021 11:15
Last Modified: 20 Apr 2021 11:15
URI: http://eprints.manipal.edu/id/eprint/156685

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