Epidemiological determinants of mental Well‑being and quality of life among homemakers with hypertension: A Cross‑sectional analysis

Bidnurmath, Ashwini Shivakumar and Rao, Chythra R and Shetty, Avinash and Kamath, Asha and Shetty, Lavya (2020) Epidemiological determinants of mental Well‑being and quality of life among homemakers with hypertension: A Cross‑sectional analysis. Indian Journal of Community Medicine, 45. pp. 448-453. ISSN 0970- 0218

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Abstract

Background: Stress is a major contributor to the physiology of hypertension (HTN) and is linked closely to mental well‑being and overall quality of life (QoL). Health issues pertaining to women’s health have usually focused on reproduction, while mental well‑being has largely been neglected. Objectives: The objective of the study was to assess the perceived stress and QoL among homemakers with HTN. Materials and Methods: A community‑based cross‑sectional study was carried out, among 426 homemakers with HTN residing in Udupi, Karnataka. The sociodemographic and disease characteristics, Cohen’s Perceived Stress Scale‑10, World Health Organization QoL Brief Questionnaire (WHOQOL‑BREF), anthropometry, and vitals were measured. Results: Of the study participants, 245 (57.5%) were aged ≤60 years and 317 (74.4%) had been diagnosed with HTN in the past decade. Low and high perceived stress was seen among 306 (71.8%) and 120 (28.2%) women, respectively. Among the four domains of WHOQOL‑BREF, the physical domain had the highest mean (±standard deviation) score of 67.44 (±16.50), whereas the lowest score of 54.49 (±19.75) was observed in the social domain. The odds of high stress among single women and those with a pill burden of >2/day were 1.93 (P=0.004, 95% CI=1.228, 3.054) and 1.77 (P=0.038, 95% CI CI=0.962, 3.270) respectively. The QoL was significantly better among those aged <60 years, married, and literate women. Conclusions: Mental well‑being among the hypertensive homemakers was good, with low perceived stress and high mean scores of QOL domains.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Homemakers; hypertension; mental wellbeing; perceived stress; quality of life.
Subjects: Medicine > KMC Manipal > Community Medicine
Departments at MU > Public Health
Medicine > KMC Manipal > Yoga
Depositing User: KMC Library
Date Deposited: 01 Jun 2021 08:55
Last Modified: 01 Jun 2021 08:55
URI: http://eprints.manipal.edu/id/eprint/156749

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