High response rates and promising outcomes of patients with relapsed ewing sarcoma, especially in adolescents and young adults treated on a novel hybrid salvage chemotherapy regimen

Kalasekhar, VS (2020) High response rates and promising outcomes of patients with relapsed ewing sarcoma, especially in adolescents and young adults treated on a novel hybrid salvage chemotherapy regimen. Journal of Adolescent And Young Adult Oncology, 10 (2). pp. 185-192. ISSN 2156-5333

[img] PDF
RMS - 00009831.pdf - Published Version
Restricted to Registered users only

Download (305kB) | Request a copy

Abstract

Purpose: About 30%–35% of nonmetastatic and 60%–80% of metastatic Ewing Sarcoma (ES) will relapse post-treatment and outcomes after relapse continue to be poor over last several decades. Prognostic factors affecting survival after relapse of ES are also not robustly known. We present outcomes using a novel hybrid salvage protocol of four active chemotherapeutic agents in our cohort of patients after relapse of ES. Methods: This is a retrospective analysis of all consecutive relapsed ES patients treated with curative intent over 4 years (January 2012 to December 2015). All received 12-cycles of hybrid chemotherapy regimen with surgery/radiotherapy done after first 4 cycles. Event-free survival (EFS)/overall survival (OS) estimates were analyzed by Kaplan–Meier product-limit estimator. Cox regression analysis was performed to identify prognostic factors predicting outcome in relapsed ES. Results: Salvage regimen was given to 53/108 relapsed ES patients with the rest having opted for palliation upfront. Median age of the treated patients was 19 years (range: 4–40); male:female ratio was 2.7:1. Median time to first relapse was 18.8 months (range: 2.2–91). While 41/53 patients (77%) completed salvage therapy, 6 (11.3%) progressed and 6 (11.3%) abandoned treatment. Median follow-up of the study cohort is 31 months (range: 4–81). Of the analyzable cohort (n = 47), 30 (64%) had a second relapse or progression on salvage treatment. At last follow-up, 31 patients had died (including one due to toxicity and rest due to disease) and 16 patients were alive (14 with no active disease and 2 with disease). The 4-year EFS and OS are 28% and 37%, respectively, for the entire cohort. While adolescents and young adult patients (AYA) had a better survival ( p-0.041), relapsed ES patients with shorter disease-free interval (DFI) (<24 months) had a poorer survival ( p-0.004). The type of relapse (local or metastatic or combined) after primary treatment did not affect outcome after salvage therapy. Conclusions: We have used a novel hybrid chemotherapy protocol using four active agents in relapsed ES, which is well tolerated and shows promising results. Older age (q15 years) and longer DFI (>24 months) portend better survival post-relapse. In our cohort of relapsed ES, AYAs fared better than others and type of relapse after primary treatment did not affect outcome after salvage therapy.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Relapsed Ewing Sarcoma; adolescent and young adults; outcomes; chemotherapy regimen.
Subjects: Medicine > KMC Manipal > Medical Oncology
Depositing User: KMC Library
Date Deposited: 27 Jun 2021 05:58
Last Modified: 27 Jun 2021 05:58
URI: http://eprints.manipal.edu/id/eprint/156877

Actions (login required)

View Item View Item