A rock magnetic perspective of gas hydrate occurrences in a high-energy depositional system in the Krishna-Godavari basin, Bay of Bengal

Badesab, Firoz and Dewangan, Pawan and Sebastian, Joju George and Venkateshwarlu, M (2020) A rock magnetic perspective of gas hydrate occurrences in a high-energy depositional system in the Krishna-Godavari basin, Bay of Bengal. Geo-Marine Letters, 40. pp. 525-539. ISSN 0276-0460

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Abstract

We conducted a detailed rock magnetic study complemented by sedimentological and mineralogical methods on a 177.2-m-long sediment core of Hole NGHP-01-14A to constrain the influence of high-energy depositional environment on the magnetic mineral diagenesis and formation of gas hydrates in the Krishna-Godavari (K-G) basin, Bay of Bengal. Five sediment magnetic zones were identified based on the downcore variation in rock magnetic parameters. The magnetic mineralogies comprised of detrital titanomagnetite, diagenetically formed magnetic iron sulfides and their mixture. A distinct magnetically enhanced zone (Z-3) close to a bottom simulating reflector (BSR) is dominated by higher magnetite content, sediment bulk density, and grain size and probably represents several sand-rich sediment layers formed as a result of short-duration intense sedimentation events and got rapidly buried and provided conducive environment for the formation of gas hydrate deposits at the studied site. The concurrence of gas hydrates and high gas saturations within the sand-rich layers (Z-3) suggests that the high-energy depositional environment had a larger control over hydrate formation at Hole NGHP-01-14A. Two magnetic iron sulfide bearing sediment intervals in Z-1b and Z-1c below sulfate-methane transition zone (SMTZ) suggest that their formation is controlled by microbially mediated diagenetic reactions fuelled by presence of gas hydrates and probably represents the fossil gas hydrate zones. We propose that the rock magnetic variations in the studied sediment core at Hole NGHP-01-14A is controlled by both differential loading of detrital magnetic minerals as well as hydrate-induced late diagenetic magnetic iron sulfide formation.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Rock magnetism . Gas hydrates . Krishna-Godavari Basin . Bay of Bengal
Subjects: Engineering > MIT Manipal > Civil Engineering
Depositing User: MIT Library
Date Deposited: 29 Jun 2021 09:53
Last Modified: 29 Jun 2021 09:53
URI: http://eprints.manipal.edu/id/eprint/156901

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