Geographic information systems in spatial epidemiology: Unveiling new horizons in dental public health

Nayak, Prajna Pramod and Singla, Nishu and Somayaji, Krishnaraj S (2021) Geographic information systems in spatial epidemiology: Unveiling new horizons in dental public health. Journal of International Society of Preventive and Community Dentistry, 11 (2). pp. 125-131. ISSN 2231-0762

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Abstract

Objectives: Research on the role of environment and place in various aspects of dental public health using geographic information systems (GIS) is escalating rapidly. Yet, the understanding of GIS and the analytical tools that it offers are still vaguely understood. This narrative review therefore draws from the utilization of GIS in the dental public health research. Materials and Methods: Electronic databases such as Google Scholar, PUBMED, and Scopus were searched using terms “spatial epidemiology,” “GIS,” “geographic information systems,” “health geography,” “environment public health tracking,” “spatial distribution,” “disease mapping,” “geographic correlation studies,” “cartography,” “big data,” and “disease clustering” through December 2019. Results: This review builds upon the prospects of GIS application in various aspects of dental public health. Studies were classified as: (1) GIS for mapping of disease, population at risk, and risk factors; (2) GIS in geographic correlation studies; (3) GIS for gauging healthcare accessibility and spatial distribution of healthcare providers. We also identified the commonly used GIS analytical techniques in oral epidemiology. Conclusions: We anticipate that this review will spur advancement in the utilization of spatial analytical techniques and GIS in the dental public health research.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Environmental health; geographic information systems; medical topography; public health; spatial analysis.
Subjects: Dentistry > MCODS Manipal > Preventive and Community Dentistry
Depositing User: KMC Library
Date Deposited: 01 Jul 2021 10:02
Last Modified: 01 Jul 2021 10:02
URI: http://eprints.manipal.edu/id/eprint/156912

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