Effect of maternal perceived stress during pregnancy on gestational diabetes mellitus risk: A prospective case-control study

Shetty, Avinash and Rao, Chythra R and Nayak, Sathisha and Kamath, Asha (2020) Effect of maternal perceived stress during pregnancy on gestational diabetes mellitus risk: A prospective case-control study. Diabetes & Metabolic Syndrome: Clinical Research & Reviews, 14. pp. 1163-1169. ISSN 1871-4021

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Abstract

Background and aims: A variety of risk factors have been reported for the development of gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM). But limited review on the role of antenatal perceived stress necessitated the design of the present study to evaluate the association between GDM and perceived stress during pregnancy.Methods: A prospective case-control study was carried out among 100 GDM cases and 273 matched controls, attending regular antenatal clinic at two private hospitals of Karnataka. Data was collected by personal interviews using a standard questionnaire. Perceived stress was assessed using the Cohen 10-item Perceived Stress Scale. Score of �20 was identified as high stress. Statistical Package for the Social Sciences version 15 was used for analysis.Results: Exposure rates for high maternal perceived stress among cases during pregnancy were noted.The odds of GDM were 13 folds higher among those with high antenatal stress (�20) compared to those with low (<20) (p < 0.001) perceived stress. No correlation between maternal antenatal stress and blood glucose following OGTT was noted.Conclusions: The study identified high perceived stress during pregnancy as a potential risk factor for GDM

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Perceived stress; Gestational diabetes mellitus; Cohen perceived stress scale; Oral glucose tolerance test
Subjects: Medicine > KMC Manipal > Community Medicine
Departments at MU > Public Health
Depositing User: KMC Library
Date Deposited: 08 Sep 2021 10:31
Last Modified: 08 Sep 2021 10:31
URI: http://eprints.manipal.edu/id/eprint/157367

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