Convolutional neural networks (CNNs): concepts and application in pharmacogenomics

Vaz, Joel Markus and Balaji, S (2021) Convolutional neural networks (CNNs): concepts and application in pharmacogenomics. Molecular Diversity. ISSN 1381-1991

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Abstract

Convolutional neural networks (CNNs) have been used to extract information from various datasets of different dimensions. This approach has led to accurateinterpretations in several subfields of biological research, like pharmacogenomics, addressing issues previously faced by other computational methods. With the rising attention for personalized and precision medicine, scientists and clinicians have now turned to artificial intelligence systems to provide them with solutions for therapeutics development. CNNs have already provided valuable insights into biological data transformation. Due to the rise of interest in precision and personalized medicine, in this review, we have provided a brief overview of the possibilities of implementing CNNs as an effective tool for analyzing one dimensionalbiological data, such as nucleotide and protein sequences, as well as small molecular data, e.g., simplified molecular-input line-entry specification, InChI, binary fingerprints, etc., to categorize the models based on their objective and also highlight various challenges. The review is organized into specific research domains that participate in pharmacogenomics for a more comprehensive understanding. Furthermore, the future intentions of deep learning are outlined.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Convolutional neural networks · CNN · Pharmacogenomics · One-dimensional data · SMILES
Subjects: Engineering > MIT Manipal > Biotechnology
Depositing User: MIT Library
Date Deposited: 29 Sep 2021 09:39
Last Modified: 29 Sep 2021 09:39
URI: http://eprints.manipal.edu/id/eprint/157469

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