Effectiveness of Inspiratory Muscle Training on Respiratory Muscle Strength in Patients Undergoing Cardiac Surgeries: A Systematic Review With Meta-Analysis

Samuel, Stephen Rajan and *, A Sampath Kumar and Dsouza, Fiona Verdine and *, Harish Raghavan and *, N Ravi (2021) Effectiveness of Inspiratory Muscle Training on Respiratory Muscle Strength in Patients Undergoing Cardiac Surgeries: A Systematic Review With Meta-Analysis. Annals of Rehabilitation Medicine, 45 (4). pp. 264-273. ISSN 22340645

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Abstract

To determine the effect of inspiratory muscle training (IMT) on pulmonary function, respiratory muscle strength (RMS), and functional capacity in patients undergoing cardiac surgery. The PubMed, PEDro, CINAHL, Web of Science, CENTRAL, and EMBASE databases were searched from inception to June 2020. Randomized controlled trials (RCTs) that evaluated patients who underwent cardiac surgery were included in this review. Meta-analysis performed using a random-effects model showed that the mean difference in forced vital capacity, forced expiratory volume in 1 second, 6-minute walk distance, and RMS was 3.47% (95% confidence interval [CI], 0.57 to 6.36), 5.80% (95% CI, 2.03 to 9.56), 78.05 m (95% CI, 60.92 to 95.18), and 4.8 cmH2O (95% CI, -4.00 to 13.4), respectively. There is strong evidence that IMT improves inspiratory muscle strength, pulmonary function, and functional capacity, and reduces the length of hospital stay in patients undergoing cardiac surgery.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: s Cardiac rehabilitation, Respiratory muscle training, Cardiac surgical procedures, Exercise tolerance
Subjects: Allied Health > Mangalore Campus > Physiotherapy
Medicine > KMC Mangalore > Cardiovascular & Thoracic Surgery
Depositing User: KMCMLR User
Date Deposited: 17 Dec 2021 11:06
Last Modified: 17 Dec 2021 11:06
URI: http://eprints.manipal.edu/id/eprint/157626

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