Current state of artificial intelligence applications in ophthalmology and their potential to influence clinical practice

Shetty, Dasharathraj K and Talasila, Abhiroop and Shanbhag, swapna and Patil, Vatsala and Hameed, Zeeshan BM and Naik, Nithesh and Raju, Adithya (2021) Current state of artificial intelligence applications in ophthalmology and their potential to influence clinical practice. Cogent Engineering. ISSN 2331-1916

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Abstract

Artificial intelligence (AI) has emerged as a major frontier in healthcare and finds broad range of applications. It has the potential to revolutionize current procedures of disease diagnosis and treatment, thus influencing the clinical prac�tice. Artificial intelligence (AI) in ophthalmology, primarily concentrates on diag�nostic and treatment pathways for eye conditions such as cataract, glaucoma, age�related macular degeneration (MDA) and diabetic retinopathy (DR). The purpose of this article is to systematically review the existing state of literature on the various AI techniques and its applications in the diagnosis and treatment of eye diseases and conduct an in-depth enquiry to identify the challenges in accurate detection, pre-processing of data, monitoring and assessment through various AI algorithms. The results suggest that all AI models proposed reduce the detection time con�siderably. The potential limitations and challenges in the development and appli�cation play a significant role in clinical practice. There is a need for the development of AI-assisted technologies that shall consider the clinical implications based on experience and guided by patient-centred healthcare principles. The diagnostic models should assist ophthalmologists on making quick and accurate decisions in determining the progression of various ocular diseases.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Artificial intelligence; machine learning; neural networks; ophthalmology; deep learning; diabetic retinopathy; age-related macular degeneration; diagnosis; diagnostic imaging; image interpretation
Subjects: Engineering > MIT Manipal > Humanities and Management
Engineering > MIT Manipal > Mechanical and Manufacturing
Depositing User: MIT Library
Date Deposited: 09 Dec 2021 10:14
Last Modified: 09 Dec 2021 10:14
URI: http://eprints.manipal.edu/id/eprint/157704

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