Chia Seed Oil Ameliorates Doxorubicin‑Induced Cardiotoxicity in Female Wistar Rats: An Electrocardiographic, Biochemical and Histopathological Approach

Ahmed, Akheruz Zaman and Mumbrekar, Kamalesh Dattaram and Satyam, Shakta Mani and Shetty, Prakashchandra K and D’Souza, Melanie Rose and Singh, Varun Kumar (2021) Chia Seed Oil Ameliorates Doxorubicin‑Induced Cardiotoxicity in Female Wistar Rats: An Electrocardiographic, Biochemical and Histopathological Approach. Cardiovascular Toxicology, 21. pp. 533-542. ISSN 1530-7905

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Abstract

Doxorubicin (DOX) is a potent anti-cancer antibiotic that was widely used for treatment of various cancers. It produces free radicals which result in extreme dose-limiting cardiotoxicity. This study investigated the cardioprotective potential of chia seed oil, an active polyphenolic nutraceutical against doxorubicin-induced cardiotoxicity in Wistar rats. Twenty-four female Wistar rats were divided into four groups (n=6) which consist of normal control, DOX control, test-A and test-B group.Animals were prophylactically treated with two diferent doses of test drug, i.e. chia seed oil 2.5 ml/kg/day and 5 ml/kg/day in test-A and test-B groups orally for 7 days. Doxorubicin (25 mg/kg; single dose) was administered intraperitoneally to DOX control, Test-A and Test-B animals on the seventh day to induce cardiotoxicity. ECG analysis was done before and after treatment. Besides ECG, CK, CK-MB, LDH, AST, MDA and GSH were analyzed. DOX had signifcantly altered ECG, CK,CK-MB, LDH, AST, MDA and GSH. Pre-treatment with chia seed oil signifcantly alleviated DOX-induced ECG changes and also guarded against DOX-induced rise of serum CK, CK-MB and AST levels. Chia seed oil alleviated histopathological alteration in DOX-treated rats. It also signifcantly inhibited DOX-induced GSH depletion and elevation of MDA. The present study revealed that chia seed oil exerts cardioprotection against doxorubicin-induced cardiotoxicity in female Wistar rats. Our study opens the perspective to clinical studies to precisely consider chia seed oil as a potential chemoprotectant nutraceutical in the combination chemotherapy with doxorubicin to limit its cardiotoxicity

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Anthracyclines; Chemotherapy; Acute cardiotoxicity; Electrocardiogram (ECG); Nutraceuticals; Antioxidants
Subjects: Life Sciences > MLSC Manipal
Medicine > MMMC Manipal > Anatomy
Medicine > MMMC Manipal > Pathology
Medicine > MMMC Manipal > Pharmacology
Depositing User: KMC Library
Date Deposited: 29 Dec 2021 08:50
Last Modified: 29 Dec 2021 08:50
URI: http://eprints.manipal.edu/id/eprint/157820

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