Genomic and Ancestral Variation Underlies the Severity of COVID-19 Clinical Manifestation in Individuals of European Descent

Upadhyai, Priyanka and Parit, Rahul (2021) Genomic and Ancestral Variation Underlies the Severity of COVID-19 Clinical Manifestation in Individuals of European Descent. Life, 11 (9). pp. 1-16. ISSN 2075-1729

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Abstract

The coronavirus disease (COVID-19) caused by the novel severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) is characterized by a wide spectrum of clinical phenotypes ranging from asymptomatic to symptomatic with mild or moderate presentation and severe disease. COVID-19 susceptibility, severity and recovery have demonstrated high variability worldwide. Variances in the host genetic architecture may underlie the inter-individual and population-scale differences in COVID-19 presentation. We performed a genome-wide association analysis employing the genotyping data from AncestryDNA for COVID-19 patients of European descent and used asymptomatic subjects as the control group. We identified 621 genetic variants that were significantly distinct between asymptomatic and acutely symptomatic COVID-19 patients (multiple-testing corrected p-value < 0.001). These variants were found to be associated with pathways governing host immunity,such as interferon, interleukin and cytokine signalling, and known COVID-19 comorbidities, such as obesity and cholesterol metabolism. Further, our ancestry analysis revealed that the asymptomatic COVID-19 patients possess discernibly higher proportions of the Ancestral North Eurasian (ANE) and Eastern Hunter-Gatherer (EHG) ancestry, which was introduced to Europe through Bell Beaker culture (Yamnaya related) and lower fractions of Western Hunter-Gatherer (WHG) ancestry,while severely symptomatic patients have higher fractions of WHG and lower ANE/EHG ancestral components, thereby delineating the likely ancestral differences between the two groups

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Ancestral genetic variation in COVID-19 patients; Genome-wide association study for COVID-19 patients; Asymptomatic COVID-19 patients as control; ANE and WHG ancestries in COVID-19; Multiple regression with ancestral fractions
Subjects: Medicine > KMC Manipal > Medical Genetics
Depositing User: KMC Library
Date Deposited: 28 Jan 2022 04:22
Last Modified: 07 Jun 2022 03:58
URI: http://eprints.manipal.edu/id/eprint/158034

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