Clinical profile, management and outcome of patients with leptospirosis during the times of COVID-19 pandemic: A prospective study from a tertiary care centre in South India

Gupta, Nitin and Wilson, William and Ravindra, Prithvishree and Joylin, Sowmya and Bhat, Rachana and Saravu, Kavitha (2021) Clinical profile, management and outcome of patients with leptospirosis during the times of COVID-19 pandemic: A prospective study from a tertiary care centre in South India. Infezioni in Medicina, 29 (3). pp. 393-401. ISSN 11249390

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Abstract

Leptospirosis is a rodent-borne acute febrile illness, classically seen after heavy rainfall and floods. This study aimed to describe the clinical profile, management strategies and outcome of patients with leptospirosis amidst the Coronavirus disease-2019 outbreak. A prospective study of adult patients with undifferentiated fever (5-15 days) was conducted in South India between October 2020 and February 2021. The demographic, clinical details, laboratory details, treatment and outcome of leptospirosis positive (based on serology) and negative patients were compared. A chisquare test was used for qualitative variables, while an independent t-test or Mann Whitney U test was used for continuous variables. Of the 206 patients with suspected acute febrile illness, a total of 63 patients were diagnosed with leptospirosis based on serology results. The median sequential organ failure assessment score was higher in those with leptospirosis (p<0.001). Myalgia, abdominal pain, jaundice, decreased urine output, myocarditis, and dialysis requirement were more common in patients with leptospirosis. Leucocytosis and raised procalcitonin/ C-reactive protein were more common in patients with leptospirosis. The duration of stay and antibiotic consumption was higher in patients with leptospirosis. Acute febrile illness such as leptospirosis should be suspected in tropical areas with significant risk factors. The presence of conjunctival suffusion, hepatic and renal dysfunction should warrant a serology test for leptospirosis.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Leptospira; Coronavirus disease 2019; acute febrile illness; tropical infections
Subjects: Departments at MU > Public Health
Medicine > KMC Manipal > Infectious Diseases
Medicine > KMC Manipal > Medicine
Depositing User: KMC Library
Date Deposited: 17 Feb 2022 04:29
Last Modified: 17 Feb 2022 04:29
URI: http://eprints.manipal.edu/id/eprint/158300

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