Gender Differences in Clinical Characteristics and Comorbidities in Bipolar Disorder: a Study from South India

Pillai, Manjunadh and Munoli, Ravindra Neelakanthappa and Praharaj, Samir Kumar and Bhat, Shripathy M (2020) Gender Differences in Clinical Characteristics and Comorbidities in Bipolar Disorder: a Study from South India. Psychiatric Quarterly, 92. pp. 693-702. ISSN 00332720

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Abstract

The clinical features and course of bipolar disorder differ between women and men;however, studies are limited in Indian population. The objective of this study was to identify gender differences in patients with bipolar disorder. This was a cross-sectional,hospital-based observational study conducted over a period of 25 months. The sample consisted of 110 males and 90 females with a diagnosis of bipolar disorder according to ICD-10 Diagnostic Criteria for Research. Socio- mographic and clinical details were collected using semi-structured proforma. All patients were evaluated on Mini nternational Neuropsychiatric Interview Plus, Presumptive Stressful Life Events Scale and Clinical Global Impression. Sample consisted of 55% men and 45% women. The total number of episodes was similar between genders, however, the number of manic episodes (p = 0.004) was significantly more in males and the number of depressive (p = 0.003) and mixed episodes (p = 0.018) were significantly more in females. Majority of males had first episode of mania, whereas, first episode in females were mostly depressive (p < 0.001). Comorbid physical disorders were seen in 61.1% females and 40% males. Bipolar disorder subtype, episode types and number varied across gender. Co-morbid hypothyroidism, migraine, and obesity are seen more often in women and substance use was higher in men.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Bipolar disorder;Gender differences;Comorbidity;
Subjects: Medicine > KMC Manipal > Psychiatry
Depositing User: KMC Library
Date Deposited: 22 Feb 2022 04:42
Last Modified: 22 Feb 2022 04:42
URI: http://eprints.manipal.edu/id/eprint/158321

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