Chemical denudation in a small mountainous coastal river in the tropics: Insights from Kali River, Southwestern India

Arun, kumar and Balakrishna, K and Amrish, Vadakkeveedu Narayan and D'souza, Nishitha and Udayashankar, H N and Manjunatha, B R and Khare, Neloy (2021) Chemical denudation in a small mountainous coastal river in the tropics: Insights from Kali River, Southwestern India. Applied Geochemistry, 137. ISSN 0883-2927

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Abstract

A study was conducted for the first time to understand the geochemical processes controlling the chemistry of the Kali River in tropical southwestern India and to determine its chemical denudation and net carbon dioxide consumption. The samples were collected from the source to the mouth of the river (15 stations) during monsoon (July 2018), post-monsoon (December 2018), and pre-monsoon (May 2019) seasons. The catchment experiences intense chemical weathering on account of heavy rainfall accompanied by runoff during the summer monsoon. Seasonal variations in silicate weathering processes are significantly controlled by runoff, and their rates are proportional to the discharge. The annual chemical denudation rate (CDR) calculated exclusively from the up�stream catchment that are dominated by silicate rocks estimated to be 48.2 tons/km2 /yr with a silicate weathering rate (SWR) of 41.3 tons/km2 /yr and carbonate weathering rate (CWR) of 6.9 tons/km2 /yr. The CDR is two times higher than the global mean average rate. The mean CO2 consumption rate (CCR) for silicate weathering is 2.9 × 105 mol. km− 2 y− 1 , which is three-fold higher than the global average. Silicate rock weathering intensity (Re) values indicate the formation of the gibbsite. The Re does not show variations from upstream to downstream, implying the rapid transport of weathered material from the river catchment area. Intense rain, runoff, and temperature are the dominant climatic factors that accelerate weathering in the study area. This underscores the significance of small mountainous coastal rivers as drivers of intense chemical weathering in humid tropical environments, which removes the atmospheric CO2. This study adds to the existing database on chemical weathering and associated fluxes in granitic catchments across the globe

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Silicate weathering Carbonate weathering CO2 consumption Peninsular Indian shield Tropical river West coast of India
Subjects: Engineering > MIT Manipal > Civil Engineering
Depositing User: MIT Library
Date Deposited: 03 Mar 2022 06:16
Last Modified: 03 Mar 2022 06:16
URI: http://eprints.manipal.edu/id/eprint/158336

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