Influence of molecular architecture, hydrogen bonding, chemical moieties and flexible chain for smectic polymorphism in (4)EoBD(3)AmBA:nOBAs

Murthy, Krishna AVSN and Srinivasulu, M and Madhumohan, M L N and Prasad, Muni and Rao, Y V and Kumar, Ashok A V N and Chalapathy, A V and Potukuchi, D M (2021) Influence of molecular architecture, hydrogen bonding, chemical moieties and flexible chain for smectic polymorphism in (4)EoBD(3)AmBA:nOBAs. Molecular Crystals and Liquid Crystals, 7151 (1). pp. 1-36. ISSN 1563-5287

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Abstract

A novel series of calamitic, complementary hydrogen-bonded (HB), meta-extended Schiff base core containing liquid crystalline (LC) complexes with ethoxy chain at one end and varied flexible chain at other end, viz., (4)EoBD(3)AmBA:nOBAs for n ¼ 3–12 is reported. 1 H, 13C NMR and FTIR spectroscopy confirm complex formation. LC phases, phase transition temperatures (TC) and enthalpy are charac�terized by polarizing optical microscopy and differential scanning calorimetry(DSC). SmA, SmC, SmBcryst,SmF, SmI, SmE, SmG and SmH phases are exhibited. Clearing and melting temperatures exhibit odd–even effect. Schiff base bridged by oxygen atom promoted of smectic phase occurrence. Complementary HB-induced and -enhanced tilted smectic phase range. Large LC phase variants, i.e., tetra, penta and hexa are observed. Hexa LC phase variant for n ¼ 6 and 12. Unlike in p-n-alkoxy benzoic acids (nOBAs), Nematic phase is quenched. Quasi two-dimensional LC SmF and SmI phases identified. Lower (for n ¼ 3,5), intermediate (for n ¼ 6,7) and higher (n ¼ 9) homologues exhibit 3D SmBcryst phase. Monotropic LC phase occur�rence is also noticed. Apart from other LC phase transitions, SmA–SmC transition is mostly found to be second order or very weakly first order nature. Phase diagram by DSC infers existence of multi-critical points in the vicinity of SmF and SmI phase structures with psuedo hexagonal packing. Influence of meta-extended core, complementary HB and flexibility component are discussed for LC phase abundance. Role of orientational disorder induced by flexible component discussed. In comparison with LC phase occurrence in (4)MeoBD(3)AmBA:nOBAs, shielded inductomeric effect is argued for large thermal range of tilted smectic phases. Integrated and differen�tial heat energies are estimated in successive heating and cooling scans to investigate optimized realization of LC phases. Results are discussed in the wake of contemporary reports in other LCs

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Complementary hydrogen bonding; enthalpy; inductomeric effect; meta�extended rigid core; phase stability; Schiff base; tilted smectic phases
Subjects: Engineering > MIT Manipal > Chemistry
Depositing User: MIT Library
Date Deposited: 23 Mar 2022 05:58
Last Modified: 23 Mar 2022 05:58
URI: http://eprints.manipal.edu/id/eprint/158397

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