Measurement of blood pressure in chronic kidney disease: Time to change our clinical practice - A comprehensive review

Nagaraju, Shankar Prasad and Shenoy, Srinivas Vinayak and Rao, Indu R and Bhojaraja, Mohan V and Rangaswamy, Dharshan and Prabhu, Ravindra A (2022) Measurement of blood pressure in chronic kidney disease: Time to change our clinical practice - A comprehensive review. International Journal of Nephrology and Renovascular Disease, 15. pp. 1-16. ISSN 1178-7058

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Abstract

Chronic kidney disease (CKD) is extremely common all over the world and is strongly linked to cardiovascular disease (CVD). The great majority of CKD patients have hypertension, which raises the risk of cardiovascular disease (CVD), end-stage kidney disease, and mortality. Controlling hypertension in patients with CKD is critical in our clinical practice since it slows the course of the disease and lowers the risk of CVD. As a result, accurate blood pressure (BP) monitoring is crucial for CKD diagnosis and therapy. Three important guidelines on BP thresholds and targets for antihypertensive medication therapy have been published in the recent decade emphasizing the way we measure BP. For both office BP and out-of-office BP measuring techniques, their clinical importance in the management of hypertension has been well defined. Although BP measurement is widely disseminated and routinely performed in most clinical settings, it remains unstandardized, and practitioners frequently fail to follow the basic recommendations to avoid measurement errors. This may lead to misdiagnosis and wrong management of hypertension, especially in CKD patients. Here, we review presently available all BP measuring techniques and their use in clinical practice and the recommendations from various guidelines and research gaps emphasizing CKD patients.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Ambulatory BP; office BP; chronic kidney disease; out-of-office BP; standardized B
Subjects: Medicine > KMC Manipal > Nephrology
Depositing User: KMC Library
Date Deposited: 05 Mar 2022 08:49
Last Modified: 05 Mar 2022 08:49
URI: http://eprints.manipal.edu/id/eprint/158409

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