Risk factors of pulmonary hypertension in patients on hemodialysis: A single center study

Nagaraju, Shankar Prasad and Bhojaraja, Mohan V and Paramasivam, Ganesh and Prabhu, Ravindra A and Rangaswamy, Dharshan and Rao, Indu R and Shenoy, Srinivas Vinayak (2021) Risk factors of pulmonary hypertension in patients on hemodialysis: A single center study. International Journal of Nephrology and Renovascular Disease, 14. pp. 487-494. ISSN 1178-7058

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Abstract

Introduction: Pulmonary hypertension (PH) is an underestimated cardiovascular consequence and a mortality predictor in patients on hemodialysis (HD). Thus, we studied its prevalence, risk factors, association with inflammation/oxidative stress, and cardiac changes in HD patients. Methods: This was a single-center cross-sectional observational study conducted at a tertiary care hospital. Patients aged >18 years on hemodialysis for at least three months were included and divided into those with and without PH; patients with secondary causes for PH were excluded. Clinical characteristics, HD-related factors, lab parameters (C-reactive protein and malondialdehyde with thiol assay were used as markers of inflammation and oxidative stress, respectively), and echocardiography details were compared. PH was defined as a mean pulmonary artery pressure of >25 mmHg at rest, and it was further divided as mild (25–40 mmHg), moderate (40–60 mmHg), and severe (>60 mmHg). Results: Of 52 patients, 28 patients had PH (mild 24, moderate 4, and none had severe PH) with prevalence of 54%. No difference was found in clinical characteristics, dialysis-related factors, biochemical parameters including inflammation (C-reactive protein; p=0.76), or oxidative stress (thiol; p=0.36 and MDA; p=0.46) between the groups. When compared to individuals without PH, HD patients with PH exhibited significantly more mitral regurgitation (p=0.002). Conclusion: Hemodialysis patients have a high prevalence of PH. PH was significantly associated with the presence of mitral regurgitation on echocardiography. Our study did not find differences in traditional risk factors, HD-related factors, and inflammation/oxidative markers between the groups with and without PH.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Chronic kidney disease; hemodialysis; inflammation; oxidative stress; pulmonary hypertension.
Subjects: Medicine > KMC Manipal > Cardiology
Medicine > KMC Manipal > Nephrology
Depositing User: KMC Library
Date Deposited: 05 Mar 2022 08:49
Last Modified: 05 Mar 2022 08:49
URI: http://eprints.manipal.edu/id/eprint/158410

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