Nanoparticulate strategies for the delivery of miRNA mimics and inhibitors in anticancer therapy and its potential utility in oral submucous fibrosis

Manikkath, Jyothsna and Padacherri, Vethil Jishnu and Radhakrishnan, Raghu (2022) Nanoparticulate strategies for the delivery of miRNA mimics and inhibitors in anticancer therapy and its potential utility in oral submucous fibrosis. Nanomedicine, 17 (3). pp. 181-195. ISSN 1743-5889

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Abstract

MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are naturally occurring noncoding RNAs with multiple functionalities. They are dysregulated in several conditions and can serve as disease biomarkers, therapeutic targets and therapeutic agents. Translation of miRNA therapeutics to the clinic poses several challenges related to the safe and effective delivery of these agents to the site of action. Nanoparticulate carriers hold promise in this area by enhancing targeting efficiency and reducing off-target effects. This paper reviews recent advances in the delivery strategies of miRNAs in anticancer therapy, with a focus on lipid-based, polymeric, inorganic platforms, cell membrane-derived vesicles and bacterial minicells. Additionally, this review explores the potentiality of miRNAs in the treatment of oral submucous fibrosis, a potentially premalignant condition of the oral cavity with no definitive treatment to date.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Cancer/oncology; gene/drug delivery; liposomes; miRNA; nanoparticles; oral cancer; oral submucous fibrosis.
Subjects: Dentistry > MCODS Manipal > Oral Pathology and Microbiology
Life Sciences > MLSC Manipal
Pharmacy > MCOPS Manipal > Pharmaceutics
Depositing User: KMC Library
Date Deposited: 25 Mar 2022 06:21
Last Modified: 25 Mar 2022 06:21
URI: http://eprints.manipal.edu/id/eprint/158451

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