Neuroprotective effect of Mulmina Mango against chemotherapy‑induced cognitive decline in mouse model of mammary carcinoma

John, Jeena and Kinra, Manas and Ranadive, Niraja and Keni, Raghuvir and Nayak, Pawan Ganesh and Mudgal, Jayesh and Nandakumar, K (2022) Neuroprotective effect of Mulmina Mango against chemotherapy‑induced cognitive decline in mouse model of mammary carcinoma. Scientific Reports, 12 (3072). pp. 1-12. ISSN 2045-2322

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Abstract

The post-treatment status of breast cancer survivors has become a concern because of the toxicity induced by chemotherapeutic agents in the brain tissues resulting in cognitive deficits, which is generally referred as chemobrain. The aim of this study was to assess the effect of a proprietary ayurvedic formulation Mulmina Mango against chemotherapy-induced cognitive impairment (CICI). Mammary carcinoma was induced by subcutaneously inoculating 4T1 cells into the mammary fat pad of the animals. Intraperitoneal administration of Cyclophosphamide, Methotrexate, 5-Fluorouracil (CMF) regimen was carried out once a week for three weeks. Treatment of Mulmina began one week before chemotherapy and continued till the end of the chemotherapy cycle. After three cycles of chemotherapy, cognitive decline was assessed by Morris water maze task followed by assessment of locomotor activity by open-field test. Tumor progression was evaluated by measurement of tumor volume. Oxidative and neuroinflammatory markers were also evaluated from the isolated brain samples. CMF treatment resulted in a considerable reduction in tumour volume. We found chemotherapy negatively affected behavioral and biochemical parameters in animals and Mulmina treatment ameliorated these cognitive impairments by restoring antioxidant and maintaining cytokine levels. The combination of phytochemicals in Mulmina proved its possible ability to alleviate CICI without affecting chemotherapeutic efficiency and could pave the way for identifying treatment strategies to combat chemobrain.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: Pharmacy > MCOPS Manipal > Pharmacology
Depositing User: KMC Library
Date Deposited: 06 Jun 2022 13:38
Last Modified: 06 Jun 2022 13:38
URI: http://eprints.manipal.edu/id/eprint/158748

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