COVID-19 pandemic and blood transfusion services: The impact, response and preparedness experience of a tertiary care blood center in southern Karnataka, India

Kandasamy, Dhivya and Shastry, Shamee and Chenna, Deepika and Mohan, Ganesh (2022) COVID-19 pandemic and blood transfusion services: The impact, response and preparedness experience of a tertiary care blood center in southern Karnataka, India. Hematology, Transfusion and Cell Therapy, 44 (1). pp. 17-25. ISSN 2531-1379

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Abstract

Introduction: With the outbreak of COVID-19 and its containment measures, blood centers faced a huge challenge in balancing blood demand and supply and devising a preparedness plan to withstand the uncertain situation. This study assesses the effect of the COVID-19 pandemic on blood transfusion services and discusses the appropriate mitigation strategies adopted. Methods: We analyzed our center’s blood transfusion services during the first half-period of the pandemic (Y3) and non-pandemic years 2018(Y1) and 2019(Y2) in two-quarters Q1 (prelockdown), from January to March and Q2 (post-lockdown), from April to June. The blood donation variables, the packed red blood cells (PRBCs) demand and the utilization pattern were compared between pandemic (Y3) and non-pandemic years (Y1 and Y2) in each quarter. The mitigation strategy adopted at every step of the transfusion service is highlighted. Results: During post-lockdown (Q2) of the pandemic year (Y3), the blood donation was majorly by repeat donors (83%) from the in-house site (82.5%). Furthermore, the proportion of outdoor donation, deferral, blood collection, demand and issue demonstrated a significant drop of 50%, 32.6%, 33%, 31.8% and 32.3%, respectively, in comparison to Q2 of the non-pandemic years (Y1 and Y2), with a statistically significant difference for surgical and hemorrhagic indications (p < 0.05). Coping strategies, such as blood donor education and motivation using e-platforms emphasizing eligibility during the pandemic, staggering of donor in-flow, postponement of elective surgeries and donor and staff’ COVID-19 safety assurance, were followed. Conclusion: The timely adoption of coping strategies played a crucial role in the better handling of shortcomings at our center’s blood transfusion services caused by the COVID-19 pandemic.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Pandemic; blood supply management; coping strategy; lockdown effect; E-platforms; COVID-19; corona Virus; blood donation.
Subjects: Medicine > KMC Manipal > Immunohematology and Blood Transfusion
Depositing User: KMC Library
Date Deposited: 06 Jun 2022 13:38
Last Modified: 06 Jun 2022 13:38
URI: http://eprints.manipal.edu/id/eprint/158752

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