Tuberculous Pericarditis – A Case Report and Review of Literature

Shenoy, Vishnu Prasad and Vishwanath, Shashidhar and Bairy, Indira and Padmakumar, R (2010) Tuberculous Pericarditis – A Case Report and Review of Literature. Review of Global Medicine and Healthcare Research, 1 (1). pp. 366-369. ISSN 1986-5872

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Tuberculous pericarditis is a rare, but life threatening form of extra-pulmonary tuberculosis and accounts for approximately 4% of acute pericarditis and 7% of cardiac tamponade cases. Mortality due to tuberculous pericarditis can reach up to 40%. High index of suspicion amongst the treating clinicians supplemented with prompt diagnosis and treatment can reduce the high mortality associated with this disease. We report a case of a young adult male patient who presented with a 2 month history of productive cough and breathlessness of recent onset. Preliminary diagnosis of tuberculous pericarditis based on his clinical and radiological findings was confirmed with Ziehl-Neelsen’s stain for acid fast bacilli and culture of the pericardial fluid aspirate. The patient responded well to pericardiocentesis and subsequent anti-tuberculous chemotherapy.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Tuberculosis, Pericarditis, Acid fast bacilli, Culture, Anti-tuberculous chemotherapy
Subjects: Medicine > KMC Manipal > Cardiology
Medicine > KMC Manipal > Microbiology
Depositing User: KMC Manipal
Date Deposited: 11 Jun 2011 10:02
Last Modified: 01 Oct 2013 11:00

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