Clinical Manifestations and Trend of Dengue Cases Admitted in a Tertiary Care Hospital, Udupi District, Karnataka

Kumar, Ashwini and Rao, Chythra R and Pandit, Vinay and Shetty, Seema and Bammigatti, Chanaveerappa and Samarasinghe, Charmaine Minoli (2010) Clinical Manifestations and Trend of Dengue Cases Admitted in a Tertiary Care Hospital, Udupi District, Karnataka. Indian Journal of Community Medicine, 35 (3). pp. 386-390.

[img] PDF
IndJCommunityMed_dengue.pdf - Published Version
Restricted to Registered users only

Download (750kB) | Request a copy

Abstract

Background: India is one of the seven identified countries in the South-East Asia region regularly reporting dengue fever (DF)/ dengue hemorrhagic fever (DHF) outbreaks and may soon transform into a major niche for dengue infection in the future with more and more new areas being struck by dengue epidemics. Objective: To study the clinical manifestations, trend and outcome of all confirmed dengue cases admitted in a tertiary care hospital. Study Design: Record-based study conducted in a coastal district of Karnataka. Required data from all the laboratory confirmed cases from 2002 to 2008 were collected from Medical Records Department (MRD) and analyzed using SPSS 13.5 version. Results: Study included 466 patients. Majority were males, 301(64.6%) and in the and in the age group of 15-44 years, 267 (57.5%). Maximum number of cases were seen in 2007, 219 (47%) and in the month of September, 89 (19.1%). The most common presentation was fever 462 (99.1%), followed by myalgia 301 (64.6%), vomiting 222 (47.6%), headache 222 (47.6%) and abdominal pain 175 (37.6%). The most common hemorrhagic manifestation was petechiae 84 (67.2%). 391 (83.9%) cases presented with dengue fever, 41 (8.8%) dengue hemorrhagic fever, and 34 (7.3%) with dengue shock syndrome. Out of 66 (14.1%) patients who developed clinical complications, 22 (33.3%) had ARDS and 20 (30.3%) had pleural effusion. Deaths reported were 11(2.4%). Conclusion: Community awareness, early diagnosis and management and vector control measures need to be strengthened, during peri-monsoon period, in order to curb the increasing number of dengue cases.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Dengue,dengue hemorrhagic fever, dengue shock syndrome
Subjects: Medicine > KMC Manipal > Community Medicine
Depositing User: KMC Manipal
Date Deposited: 31 Jan 2012 04:06
Last Modified: 31 Jan 2012 04:06
URI: http://eprints.manipal.edu/id/eprint/2766

Actions (login required)

View Item View Item