MTHFR Gene variants C677T, A1298C and association with Down syndrome: A Case-control study from South India

Cyril, Cyrus and Rai, Padmalatha S and Chandra, N and Gopinath, PM and Satyamoorthy, K (2009) MTHFR Gene variants C677T, A1298C and association with Down syndrome: A Case-control study from South India. Indian journal of human genetics, 15 (2).

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BACKGROUND: The 5,10-methylenetetrahydrofolate reductase (MTHFR) polymorphisms and low folate levels are associated with inhibition of DNA methyltransferase and consequently DNA hypomethylation. The expanding spectrum of common conditions linked with MTHFR polymorphisms includes certain adverse birth outcome, pregnancy complications, cancers, adult cardiovascular diseases and psychiatric disorders, with several of these associations remaining still controversial. Trisomy 21 or Down syndrome (DS) is the most common genetic cause of mental retardation. It stems predominantly from the failure of chromosome 21 to segregate normally during meiosis. Despite substantial research, the molecular mechanisms underlying non-disjunction leading to trisomy 21 are poorly understood. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Two common variants C677T and A1298C of the MTHFR gene were screened in 36 parents with DS children and 60 healthy couples from Tamil Nadu and Karnataka. The MTHFR genotypes were studied by RFLP analysis of PCR-ampliÞ ed products and conÞ rmed by sequencing. RESULTS: The CT genotype was seen in three each (8.3%) of case mothers and fathers. One case father showed TT genotype. All the control individuals exhibited the wild type CC genotype. A similar frequency for the uncommon allele C of the second polymorphism was recorded in case mothers (0.35) and fathers (0.37) in comparison with the control mothers (0.39) and fathers (0.37). CONCLUSION: This Þ rst report on MTHFR C677T and A1298C polymorphisms in trisomy 21 parents from south Indian population revealed that MTHFR 677CT polymorphism was associated with a risk for Down syndrome.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Down syndrome, MTHFR polymorphisms, nondisjunction, trisomy 21
Subjects: Life Sciences > MLSC Manipal
Depositing User: KMC Manipal
Date Deposited: 31 Jan 2012 10:25
Last Modified: 07 Nov 2016 10:56

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