Gelatin-Based Emulsion Gels for Diffusion-Controlled Release Applications

Thakur, Goutam and Naqvi, Muhammad Ali and Rousseau, Derick and Pal, Kunal and Mitra, Analava and Basak, Amit (2012) Gelatin-Based Emulsion Gels for Diffusion-Controlled Release Applications. Journal of Biomaterials Science, 23. pp. 645-661. ISSN 0920-5063

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Emulsion gels are now emerging as a new class of biomaterials for controlled-release applications. Novel food-grade emulsion gels consisting of indomethacin-loaded vegetable oil droplets dispersed within genipincross- linked gelatin-based hydrogels were characterized for their physical and drug-release properties. Varying the weight ratio of the aqueous and oil phases between 5:1 and 5:5 was used to modulate construct swelling and drug release. The dispersed oil droplets generally became larger, more polydispersed and aggregated with an increase in oil fraction. Cross-linking with genipin increased the puncture strength of the gels vs. their uncross-linked counterparts and was necessary to prevent breakdown. Swelling of the emulsion gels demonstrated Fickian behaviour at all gelatin: oil ratios. Indomethacin release followed Fickian diffusion at higher oil fractions only, demonstrating coupled Fickian and super-Case-II transport at lower oil ratios (5:1, 5:2 and 5:3). Overall, the introduction of a dispersed oil phase within a hydrogel was exploited for the release of hydrophobic bioactive compounds, with tailoring of composition used to significantly alter release kinetics.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: © Koninklijke Brill NV, Leiden, 2012
Uncontrolled Keywords: Gelatin, emulsion gel, genipin, swelling, drug release
Subjects: Engineering > MIT Manipal > Biomedical
Depositing User: MIT Library
Date Deposited: 09 Feb 2012 08:57
Last Modified: 09 Feb 2012 08:57

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