Pancreatic progenitors The shortest route to restore islet cell mass

Venkatesan, Vijayalakshmi and Gopurappilly, Renjitha and Goteti, Sashi Kiran and Dorisetty, Raju Kumar and Bhonde, Ramesh R (2011) Pancreatic progenitors The shortest route to restore islet cell mass. Islets, 3 (6). pp. 295-301.

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The regenerative process of the pancreas is of interest because the main pathogenesis of diabetes mellitus is an inadequate number of insulin-producing β-cells. The functional mass of β-cells is decreased in most forms of diabetes, so replacing missing β-cells or triggering their regeneration may allow for improved diabetes treatment. Therefore, expansion of the β-cell mass from endogenous sources, either in vivo or in vitro, represents an area of increasing interest. The mechanism of islet regeneration remains poorly understood, but the identification of islet progenitor sources is critical for understanding β-cell regeneration. One potential source is the islet proper, via the de-differentiation, proliferation and redifferentiation of facultative progenitors residing within the islet. The new pancreatic islets derived from progenitor cells present within the ducts have been reported, but the existence and identity of the progenitor cells have been debated. In this mini-review, we focus primarily on pancreatic progenitors, which are islet progenitors capable of differentiating into insulin producing cells. We also emphasize the importance of pancreatic progenitors as a target for stem cell therapy for diabetes.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: Copyright of this article belongs to National Center for Biotechnology Information.
Uncontrolled Keywords: islet-like cell clusters;adult stem cells;ductal epithelial cells;transplantation;nestin positive cells;stellate cells; acinar cells;intra islet precursors;epithelial-mesenchymal transition
Subjects: Regenerative Medicine > MIRM Bangalore
Depositing User: MCON Library
Date Deposited: 22 Feb 2012 06:50
Last Modified: 22 Feb 2012 06:50

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