MU Digital Repository
Logo

Antitumor and radiosensittizing effects of withaferin A on mouse Ehrlich ascites carcinoma in vivo

Sharada, Chandrashekar A and Solomon, Emerson F and Devi, Uma P and Udupa, Nayanabhirama and Srinivasan, Kaitheri K (1996) Antitumor and radiosensittizing effects of withaferin A on mouse Ehrlich ascites carcinoma in vivo. Actu Oncologicu, 35 (1). pp. 95-100.

[img] PDF
02841869609098486.pdf - Published Version
Restricted to Registered users only

Download (505kB) | Request a copy

Abstract

The antitumor and radiosensitizing effects of withaferin A (WA), a steroidal lactone from Withania somnifera, was studied on Ehrlich ascites carcinoma in vivo. The acute LD50(14f)o r WA in Swiss mice was - 80 mg/kg. Twenty-four hours after i.p. inoculation of lo6 tumor cells, WA was injected i.p. at different dose fractions (5 or 7.5 mg/kg x 8, 10 mg/kg x 5, 20 or 30 mg/kg x 2) with or without abdominal gamma irradiation (RT, 7.5 Gy) after the first drug dose. Increase in life span and tumor-free survival were studied up to 120 days. The drug inhibited tumor growth and increased survival, which was dependent on the WA dose per fraction rather than the total dose. Combination of RT with all the drug schedules increased tumor cure and tumor-free survival, the best effect seen after 2 fractions of 30 mg/kg each. In another experiment WA was given as 2 (40 mg/kg x 2), 3 (30 mg/ kg x 3) or 4 (20 mg/kg x 4) fractions at 5, 7 or 10 days after tumor inoculation with or without RT after the first drug dose. At 7 and 10 days after inoculation the drug was effective only at 40 mg/kg x 2, but with RT 30 mg/kg x 3 produced an equal effect (20Y0 survival) on 7 day old tumors.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: Medicine > KMC Manipal > Radiotherapy and Oncology
Depositing User: KMC Manipal
Date Deposited: 20 Jun 2011 07:26
Last Modified: 20 Jun 2011 07:26
URI: http://eprints.manipal.edu/id/eprint/328

Actions (login required)

View Item View Item