Melioidosis: an under-diagnosed entity in western coastal India: a clinico-microbiological analysis.

*, K. Vidyalakshmi and *, B. Shrikala and *, B. Bharathi and *, U. Suchitra (2007) Melioidosis: an under-diagnosed entity in western coastal India: a clinico-microbiological analysis. Indian Journal of Medical Microbiology, 25 (3). pp. 245-248.

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Abstract

Clinico-microbiological analysis of a series of 25 patients with melioidosis was done. All patients came from the coastal regions of Kerala and Karnataka and presented between June 2005 and July 2006.They were analysed with respect to clinical presentation, occupation, epidemiology and microbiological features. No single presenting clinical feature was found to be typical of melioidosis. The disease was found to mimic a variety of conditions, including tuberculosis and malignancy. B. pseudomallei was isolated from blood, sputum, pus, urine, synovial, peritoneal and pericardial fluids. Diabetes mellitus was the most common predisposing factor and 80% of cases presented during the Southwest monsoon (June to September). It is probable that melioidosis is highly prevalent in western coastal India, and yet, greatly underestimated. Better awareness, both among clinicians and microbiologists, coupled with improved diagnostic methods to allow early diagnosis, and hence early treatment, will significantly reduce the morbidity and mortality associated with this disease.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Burkholderiapseudomallei, diabetes mellitus, melioidosis
Subjects: Medicine > KMC Mangalore > Microbiology
Depositing User: KMCMLR User
Date Deposited: 09 Mar 2012 10:57
Last Modified: 09 Mar 2012 10:57
URI: http://eprints.manipal.edu/id/eprint/3482

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