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Relationship of Ag", Gender and Routine Physiotherapy with Depression among Elderly People in a Multidisciplinary In-patient Geriatric Care Ward: A Cross-Sectional Study

*, Vaishali K and *, Senthil P. Kumar and *, Viiaya Kumar and Adhikari, Prabha (2012) Relationship of Ag", Gender and Routine Physiotherapy with Depression among Elderly People in a Multidisciplinary In-patient Geriatric Care Ward: A Cross-Sectional Study. Physiotherapy and Occupational Therapy Journal, 5 (1). pp. 19-26.

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Abstract

Background: The number of elderly is continuous growing thus increasing the scope and demands for geriatriccare in a multidisciplinary model. The medical conditions associated with ageing and various disorders posea challenge to the palliative health care professionals especially physical therapists who are responsible foraddressing physical and functional dimensions of care. Purpose: The objective of this study was to assess theprevalence of depression among the elderly people admitted in a hospital. Materials and methods: 54 elderlypeople with age and both gender (male-20, female-34), were assessed by the physical therapist using Geriatricdepression scale- short form (GDS-SF: 15-item version) where a score >5 out of a total 15 suggested presenceof depression. The patients were undergoing regular physiotherapy in terms of group physical activity, yogaand general mobility exercises and breathing exercises. The setting included a physician, physical therapist,yoga therapist, dietician, nurse and a counselor. Data analysis was done for comparing the depression scoresbetween genders and medical diagnoses, and then correlated with person’s age using SPSS version 11.5 at 95%confidence interval. Results: The overall prevalence of depression among the study population was 66.7%.Overall, the depression scores among the study participants were low (8 ± 3.82). The depressed elderly had a scoreof 10.11 ± 2.76 compared to non-depressed elderly 3.77 ± 1.26 which was statistically significant. There was nosignificant difference in GDS-SF (15) scores by gender (male-8.1 ± 4.66, female- 7.94 ± 3.31) but was significant formedical diagnoses (gastro-intestinal, pulmonary, metabolic and musculoskeletal). Conclusion: There was a highprevalence of depression among the elderly and their depression scores were less, which might be attributed totheir subclinical depression status. Those elderly who underwent regular physical therapy had lesser scores thantheir counterparts. The study findings have important implications for designing future prospective designs ofclinical trials on physiotherapy interventions for depression.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: ageing, rehabilitation, end-of-life care, psychosocial factors, physiotherapy
Subjects: Allied Health > Mangalore Campus > Physiotherapy
Medicine > KMC Mangalore > Medicine
Depositing User: KMCMLR User
Date Deposited: 13 Mar 2012 10:53
Last Modified: 13 Mar 2012 10:53
URI: http://eprints.manipal.edu/id/eprint/3499

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