Balance Confidence in Indian Community Dwelling Older Adults

Kaushik, Archna and D'souza, Sebestina A (2008) Balance Confidence in Indian Community Dwelling Older Adults. Journal of The Indian Academy of Geriatrics, 4 (4). pp. 149-155.

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Background and Purpose: Poor balance confidence has been recognized as an intrinsic factor of falls that leads to restriction of daily activities thereby affecting the quality of life of older adults. The aim of this study was to investigate the balance confidence in Indian community dwelling older adults and its influence on performance of daily activities. Methods: Sixty older adults above 65 years of age volunteered to participate in the study. Mean age of the participants was 74.28 years (S.D=6.90). Balance confidence was determined using the Balance Confidence Scale which was administered through personal interview. The mean balance confidence was then categorized on the basis of severity as low (0%-30%), medium (31%-60%) and high (61%-100%). Results: Five percent Indian community dwelling older adults reported low balance confidence, 23.33% reported medium and 71.67% reported high balance confidence. Analysis of balance confidence on individual activities showed that older adults reported lower balance confidence on community mobility activities like going to hilly areas (31.67%), walking in crowd (26.67%) and crossing a road (25.0%). Conclusion: The study suggests that Indian community dwelling older adults report decreased confidence in activities of community mobility, which may hinder their participation in social activities; which is essential to promote active ageing and improve the quality of life. An early screening of balance confidence and its influence on activity participation is essential in fall risk assessment. Intervention strategies directed towards intrinsic factors along with modification in the attributed environmental factors may enhance balance confidence and reduce risk for falls in older adults.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: Allied Health > MCOAHS Manipal > Occupational Therapy
Depositing User: KMC Manipal
Date Deposited: 02 Apr 2012 04:54
Last Modified: 02 Apr 2012 04:54

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