Saxagliptin: a molecule for treatment of type II diabetes mellitus.

Patel , Devang S and Deshpande, Shrikalp S and Pathak , Kaushal Y and Rajesh, V (2009) Saxagliptin: a molecule for treatment of type II diabetes mellitus. The Clinical Researcher, 1 (2).

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Type 2 diabetes mellitus is a common chronic disease that causes significant morbidity and mortality worldwide. Diabetes results from a combination of increased hepatic glucose production, decreased insulin secretion from beta cells, and insulin resistance in the peripheral tissues. Currently available antidiabetic agents work by different mechanisms to lower blood glucose levels. Available treatments (such as metformin, sulfonylureas, glitazones, and insulin) have proven unsatisfactory in producing a long-lasting impact on glycemic control. In addition, most of these treatments have undesirable side effects such as weight gain and hypoglycemia. As a result, exploring new treatment targets and new therapies is mandatory in order to treat this condition. The incretin pathway, in particular glucagon-like peptide (GLP-1), plays an important pathological role in the development of T2DM, and treatments targeting the incretin system have recently become available. These can mainly be divided into two broad categories; GLP-1 agonists/analogs (exenatide, liraglutide), and dipeptidyl peptidase- 4 inhibitors (sitagliptin, vildagliptin). Saxagliptin is a novel DPP-4 inhibitor that has recently approved by US FDA. Saxagliptin is a potent and specific inhibitor of DPP-4 (in comparison with other dipeptidyl peptidase enzymes). Current data suggest that saxagliptin as monotherapy or in combination with metformin, glyburide, or a glitazone results in significant reductions in fasting and postprandial plasma glucose and hemoglobin A1c (HbA1c). Saxagliptin is well tolerated and does not increase hypoglycemia compared with the placebo, and is probably weight neutral. Saxagliptin, a DPP-4 inhibitor, offers a novel treatment option for patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Type II Diabetes Mellitus, DPP-4 Inhibitors, GLP-I, Saxagliptin.
Subjects: Pharmacy > MCOPS Manipal > Pharmacy Practice
Depositing User: KMC Manipal
Date Deposited: 18 Jul 2011 04:24
Last Modified: 18 Jul 2011 04:24

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