2-(3,4-Dihydro-2H-pyrrolium-1-yl)-3oxoindan-1-olate (DHPO), a novel, synthetic small molecule that alleviates insulin resistance and lipid abnormalities

Kandadi, Machendar R and Rajanna, Prabhakar K and Unnikrishnan, MK and Boddu, Sai P and Hua, Yinan and Ji Li, * and Min Dua, * and Jun Ren, * and Nair, Sreejayan (2010) 2-(3,4-Dihydro-2H-pyrrolium-1-yl)-3oxoindan-1-olate (DHPO), a novel, synthetic small molecule that alleviates insulin resistance and lipid abnormalities. Biochemical Pharmacology, 79 (4). pp. 623-631.

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Abstract

Type-2 diabetes is growing at epidemic proportions world-wide. This report describes the effect of a novel, synthetic, small molecule 2-(3,4-dihydro-2H-pyrrolium-1-yl)-3oxoindan-1-olate (DHPO), on metabolic abnormalities in genetic and dietarymouse models of type-2 diabetes. DHPO (20 mg/kg/d i.p. for 21 days) attenuated fasting blood glucose, improved glucose disposal and corrected dyslipidemia in genetic (leptin deficient, ob/ob) and dietary (high-fat-fed) mouse models of insulin resistance. In addition, DHPO augmented 2-deoxy-D-glucose (2DG) uptake in gastrocnemius muscles of wild-type mice and in cultured myotubes. The increase in 2DG-uptake was associated with an increase in the hosphorylation of AMPK (thr-172) and its downstream effector acetyl-CoA carboxylase without any changes in the phosphorylation of Akt of insulin receptor. The AMPK inhibitor, compound C attenuated DHPO-induced glucose-uptake whereas the PI3-kinase inhibitor Wortmannin was less effective. In addition, DHPO failed to augment glucose-uptake in the gastrocnemius muscle from AMPK-a2- transgenic (kinase-dead) mice. Taken together, these results suggest that DHPO is a novel small molecule that alleviates impaired glucose tolerance and lipid abnormalities associated with type-2 diabetes

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Diabetes Small molecule Lipid AMP-activated protein kinase
Subjects: Pharmacy > MCOPS Manipal > Pharmacology
Depositing User: KMC Manipal
Date Deposited: 12 Aug 2011 10:56
Last Modified: 12 Aug 2011 10:56
URI: http://eprints.manipal.edu/id/eprint/720

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