Effect of Curcumin and Curcumin Copper Complex (1:1) on Radiation-induced Changes of Anti-oxidant Enzymes Levels in the Livers of Swiss Albino Mice

Prabhakar, KR and Veerapur, VP and Kunwar, Amit and Mishra, Beena and Barik, Atanu and Priyadarshini, KI and Unnikrishnan, MK (2007) Effect of Curcumin and Curcumin Copper Complex (1:1) on Radiation-induced Changes of Anti-oxidant Enzymes Levels in the Livers of Swiss Albino Mice. Journal of Radiation Research, 48 (3). pp. 241-245.

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Abstract

The effect of mononuclear copper (II) complex of curcumin in 1:1 stoichiometry (hereafter referred to as complex) administered 30 min before γ-irradiation (4.5 Gy) on alterations in antioxidant and Thiobarbituric acid reactive substances (TBARS) levels in livers was studied in comparison to curcumin at a dose of 50 mg/kg. The different antioxidants like GSH, GST, catalase, SOD, TBARS and total thiols were estimated in the liver homogenates excised at different time intervals (1, 2 and 4 h) post irradiation using colorimetric methods. There was a radiation-induced decrease in the levels of all the studied enzymes at 1 h post irradiation, while an increase was observed at later time points. Both curcumin and complex treatment in sham-irradiated mice decreased the levels of GSH and total thiols, whereas there was an increase in the levels of catalase, GST and SOD compared to normal control. Under the influence of irradiation, both curcumin and complex treatment protected the decline in the levels of GSH, GST, SOD, catalase and total thiols, and inhibited radiation-induced lipid peroxidation. Further, the complex was found to be more effective in protecting the enzymes at 1 h post irradiation compared to curcumin treated group. This may be due to the higher rate constants of the complex compared to curcumin for their reactions with various free radicals.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: Pharmacy > MCOPS Manipal > Pharmacology
Depositing User: KMC Manipal
Date Deposited: 13 Aug 2011 05:07
Last Modified: 13 Aug 2011 05:07
URI: http://eprints.manipal.edu/id/eprint/730

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