Novel interpenetrated polymer network microbeads of natural polysaccharides for modified release of water soluble drug: in-vitro and in-vivo evaluation

Kulkarni, Raghavendra V and Mutalik, Srinivas and Mangond, Banappa S and Nayak, Usha Y (2012) Novel interpenetrated polymer network microbeads of natural polysaccharides for modified release of water soluble drug: in-vitro and in-vivo evaluation. Journal of Pharmacy and Pharmacology, 64. pp. 530-540.

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Abstract

Objectives The objective of this work was to prepare novel interpenetrating polymer network (IPN) microbeads of tamarind seed polysaccharide and sodium alginate for controlled release of the water soluble drug, diltiazem hydrochloride. Methods The diltiazem-Indion 254® (a cation exchange resin) complex was prepared and the resulting complex was entrapped within IPN microbeads prepared by ionotropic gelation and covalent crosslinking. Microbeads were characterized by scanning electron microscopy, differential scanning calorimetry, thermogravimetric analysis, X-ray diffraction and Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR) analyses, and evaluated for swelling, in-vitro release and preclinical pharmacokinetics. Key findings The unformulated drug showed complete dissolution within 60 min, while drug release from diltiazem-ion-exchange resin complex was extended for 2.5 h but IPN microbeads extended the release for longer period. The ionically crosslinked microbeads released the drug for 6 h,while dual crosslinked microbeads extended the release for 9 h. The microbeads containing a higher amount of glutaraldehyde released the drug very slowly. The results of in-vivo pharmacokinetics of pure drug and drug-loaded IPN microbeads showed that the microbeads demonstrated prolonged release supporting the findings of in-vitro studies. Conclusions Prepared IPN microbeads showed prolonged in-vitro and in-vivo release for diltiazem, indicating that this IPN would be a versatile delivery system for water soluble drugs.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: diltiazem hydrochloride; interpenetrated network microbeads; pharmacokinetics; sodium alginate; tamarind seed polysaccharide
Subjects: Pharmacy > MCOPS Manipal > Pharmaceutics
Depositing User: KMC Manipal
Date Deposited: 28 Apr 2012 04:42
Last Modified: 28 Apr 2012 04:42
URI: http://eprints.manipal.edu/id/eprint/76356

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