Detection of Fetal Malnutrition by CAN Score at birth and its comparision with other methods of determining intrauterine growth

Singhal, Vikram and Kamath, Nutan (2012) Detection of Fetal Malnutrition by CAN Score at birth and its comparision with other methods of determining intrauterine growth. Indian Journal Clinical Practice, 22 (11). pp. 575-582.

[img]
Preview
PDF
IJCL.pdf - Published Version

Download (530kB)

Abstract

Background: Fetalmalnutrition(FM) and the term “Small for Gestational Age” (SGA) and “intrauterine growth retardation” (IUGR) are not synonymous, one may occur without the other. Fetal malnutrition can be clinically assessed by using the “Clinical Assessment of Nutritional Status (CAN) Score. CAN score can assess the prevalence of fetal malnutrition among term newborns and comparable to other other anthropometric criteria used to assess fetal growth.Methodology: A prospective cohort study, was carried out at a tertiary referral hospital affiliated to a medical college, consisting of 200 singleton full term neonates over a period of 2 months. In all neonates complete anthropometric assessment as per standard procedures and determination of weight for gestation was done. On the basis of Alexander and Associates intrauterine growth curves newborns were classified into SGA and AGA. Fetal nutrition was assessed using CAN score as a standard and compared with weight for gestation age and PonderalIndex(PI) Results: CAN score identified 17.5%( 35) malnourished neonates and 82.5% (n=165) of babies as well nourished by keeping the cutoff value of <25. 8% of AGA babies and 76.8% of SGA babies were found to be well nourished on comparing weight for gestation age with CAN score. 16(8%) babies were found to have FM using PI but by applying CAN score only 10 babies were found to have FM.The sensitivity and specificity of weight for gestational age were found to 82.85% and 41.81% respectively and that of Ponderal Index 28.57% and 96.36%respectively, when CAN score was taken as standard. Conclusion: This implies thatCAN score can identify fetal malnourishment in those neonates which are missed by other methods.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: CAN, anthropometry, fetal malnutrition
Subjects: Medicine > KMC Mangalore > Paediatrics
Depositing User: KMCMLR User
Date Deposited: 26 May 2012 05:15
Last Modified: 26 May 2012 05:15
URI: http://eprints.manipal.edu/id/eprint/76520

Actions (login required)

View Item View Item