Formulation of plumbagin loaded long circulating pegylated liposomes: in vivo evaluation in C57BL/6J mice bearing B16F1 melanoma

Kumar, Sunil MR and Aithal, Kiran B and Udupa, N and Reddy, Sreenivasulu M and Raakesh, V and Murthy, RSR (2011) Formulation of plumbagin loaded long circulating pegylated liposomes: in vivo evaluation in C57BL/6J mice bearing B16F1 melanoma. Drug Delivery, 18 (7). pp. 511-522. ISSN 1071-7544

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Abstract

Context and Objective: Plumbagin (2-methyl, 5-hydroxy, 1, 4-naphthoquinone), an anticancer agent is encapsulated either as conventional or long circulating liposomal formulations to enhance its biological half-life and antitumor efficacy. Methods: The liposomes were prepared by thin film hydration method and in vitro characterization was carried out to examine the particle size, zeta potential, drug encapsulation efficiency and in vitro release. The optimized formulations were tested for pharmacokinetic and pharmacodynamic efficacy against mice bearing B16F1 melanoma. Also in vivo toxicity studies were carried out. Results and Discussion: The optimum particle size and entrapment efficiency was observed at drug to lipid molar ratio of 1:20. The in-vitro release of plumbagin from the liposomal formulations in phosphate-buffered saline (pH 7.4) showed biphasic release with an initial burst release followed by sustained release phase. Elimination half life (T1/2) of pegylated, conventional and free plumbagin was 1305.76 ± 278.16, 346.87 ± 33.82 and 35.89 ± 7.95 min respectively. Further, plumbagin exhibited better antitumor efficacy in vivo when administered as long circulating liposomes with no signs of normal tissue toxicity. Conclusion: It can be concluded that the pegylated liposomes could provide a promising parenteral platform for plumbagin with enhanced plasma half-life and therapeutic efficacy.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Liposomes, particle size, pegylation, in vitro release, pharmacokinetics, B16F1 melanoma
Subjects: Health Sciences > KMCIC
Life Sciences > MLSC Manipal
Pharmacy > MCOPS Manipal > Pharmaceutics
Depositing User: KMC Manipal
Date Deposited: 07 Jun 2012 05:01
Last Modified: 07 Jun 2012 05:01
URI: http://eprints.manipal.edu/id/eprint/76602

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