HIV-Tuberculosis: A Study of Chest X-Ray Patterns in Relation to CD4 Count

Padyana, Mahesha and Bhat, Raghavendra V and *, M Dinesha and *, Alam Nawaz (2012) HIV-Tuberculosis: A Study of Chest X-Ray Patterns in Relation to CD4 Count. North American Journal of Medial Sciences, 4 (5). pp. 221-225.

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Background : Fight against human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) is incomplete without addressing problems associated with difficult diagnosis of tuberculosis in HIV-Tuberculosis coinfected patients. Chest X-ray is a primary tool to evaluate tuberculosis in HIV. Aim: To assess and compare various radiological patterns of pulmonary tuberculosis in HIV patients and compare these patterns in relation to CD4 counts. Materials and Methods : Prospective cohort study was conducted in a tertiary hospital in South India from September 2009 to July 2011 with 200 HIV positive patients. WHO guidelines were used for diagnosis of HIV and tuberculosis. Results : 27% of the patients had sputum positive pulmonary tuberculosis, with higher incidence (33%) among CD4 less than 200 as compared to CD4 more than 200 (14%). Infiltration (39%) followed by consolidation (30%), cavity (11%), and lymphadenopathy (9%) seen with CD4 less than 200. Infiltration (37.5%) followed by cavity (25%) and miliary (25%) with CD4 above 200. Bilateral (68.5%) and mid and lower zones or all zone involvement more commonly seen. Conclusion : In patients with CD4 lower than 200 noncavitory infiltration and consolidation predominated. Involvement of lungs was atypical; diffuse or mid and lower zone involvement than classical upper lobe involvement. A high index of suspicion is necessary for the accurate and timely diagnosis of tuberculosis in HIV positive patients.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: CD4, HIV/AIDS, tuberculosis
Subjects: Medicine > KMC Mangalore > Medicine
Depositing User: KMCMLR User
Date Deposited: 06 Jul 2012 10:59
Last Modified: 06 Jul 2012 10:59

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