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Adrenal insufficiency in patients with acquired immunodeficiency syndrome-an underestimated problem

Madi, Deepak R and Khanapure, Shashidhar and Ramapuram, John and Achappa, Basavaprabhu and Rao, Sathish (2012) Adrenal insufficiency in patients with acquired immunodeficiency syndrome-an underestimated problem. In: 17th International Symposium on HIV and Emerging Infectious Diseases, 23-25 May 2012, Marseille, France.

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Abstract

Introduction Adrenal insufficiency is a serious complication of AIDS. Usually the integrity of HPA (Hypothalamo pituitary) axis is assessed by measuring cortisol response to 250μg of ACTH. Recent studies have shown that lower ACTH dose increases the sensitivity of the procedure. In the present study we have tried to estimate prevelance of adrenal insufficiency using low dose ACTH test (1μg). Primary objective To estimate the prevelance of adrenal insufficiency in AIDS patients using low dose ACTH test. Research design and methods 50 patients with confirmed diagnosis of HIV were included in the study. History and physical examination were recorded. Lab investigations included Cd4 count, serum cortisol and low dose acth stimulation test. Data of patients with adrenal insufficiency (GROUP 1) was compared with those without adrenal dysfunction (GROUP 2). Stastical analysis was done using appropriate tests. Results 37/50 (74%) of study subjects had adrenal insufficiency. Basal cortisol in (GROUP 1) and (GROUP 2) was 10.09μg/dl and 21.95μg/dl (P < .05). Cortisol post Acth stimulation test in (GROUP 1) and (GROUP 2) was 9.49 μg/dl and 19.93μg/dl (P < .05). Mean Cd4 count in (GROUP 1) and (GROUP 2) was 138.7±56.17 cells/μl and 171.8.7±25.41cells/μl (P < .05). Blood glucose, serum sodium was low and serum potassium, eosinophil counts were high in (GROUP 1) when compared to (GROUP2). Conclusion Adrenal insufficiency in patients with acquired immunodeficiency syndrome is a common problem in clinical practice.

Item Type: Conference or Workshop Item (Poster)
Subjects: Medicine > KMC Mangalore > Medicine
Depositing User: KMCMLR User
Date Deposited: 28 Jul 2012 05:11
Last Modified: 28 Jul 2012 05:11
URI: http://eprints.manipal.edu/id/eprint/76877

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