Effect of Strength and Balance Training In Children with Down's Syndrome: A Randomised Controlled Trial

Rao, Bhamini K (2011) Effect of Strength and Balance Training In Children with Down's Syndrome: A Randomised Controlled Trial. Clinical Rehabilitation , 25 (5). pp. 1-16.

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Abstract

Objective: The aim of the study was to determine the effect of exercise training on strength and balance in children with Down’s syndrome. Design: Randomised controlled trial. Setting: Rehabilitation school for special children. Subjects and intervention: Twenty three children were randomised to intervention and control group. The intervention group (n=12) underwent progressive resistive exercises for lower limbs and balance training for six weeks. The control group continued their regular activities followed at school. Outcome measure: Hand held dynamometer was used to measure the lower limb muscle strength. Balance was assessed by the balance subscale of Bruininks Oseretsky Test of Motor Proficiency (BOTMP). Results: Following the training, the children in the intervention group showed a statistically significant improvement (p<0.05) in the lower limb strength of all the muscle groups assessed.The strength of Knee extensors was 12.12lbs in control group vs. 18.4 lbs in experimental group and in hip flexors was12.34lbs in control group vs. 16.66lbs in experimental group post intervention. The balance of the children also improved significantly with an improvement in scores of the balance subscale of BOTMP (19.50 in experimental group vs. 9.00 in control group, p=0.001). Conclusion: This study suggests that specific exercise training program may improve the strength and balance in children with Down’s syndrome

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Down-s syndrome, Balance, strength, children
Subjects: Allied Health > MCOAHS Manipal > Physiotherapy
Depositing User: KMC Manipal
Date Deposited: 23 Aug 2012 04:43
Last Modified: 23 Aug 2012 04:46
URI: http://eprints.manipal.edu/id/eprint/77063

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